See also: pro rata, ráta, ratā, rață, and Rata

EnglishEdit

Etymology 1Edit

 
flowers of the southern rata, Metrosideros umbellata

From Maori rātā or cognate Tahitian rātā (tree of genus Metrosideros). Compare Tahitian puarātā (Metrosideros collina).

NounEdit

rata (usually uncountable, plural ratas)

  1. (usually countable) Any of various New Zealand plants of the genus Metrosideros
  2. (usually uncountable) The hard dark red wood of such trees.

ReferencesEdit

Etymology 2Edit

 
a rata tree, Garcinia dulcis

Compare Sinhalese රට ගොරකා (raṭa gorakā, Garcinia xanthochymus), Marathi रातंबी (rātambī, Garcinia indica). This etymology is incomplete. You can help Wiktionary by elaborating on the origins of this term.

NounEdit

rata (plural ratas)

  1. The yellow mangosteen, Garcinia dulcis, a tree native to Indonesia, the Philippines, and India.
    Synonyms: mundu, maphuut, Claudie mangosteen, gourka, eggtree

ReferencesEdit

Further readingEdit

AnagramsEdit


'Are'areEdit

NounEdit

rata

  1. name

ReferencesEdit


BalineseEdit

RomanizationEdit

rata

  1. Romanization of ᬭᬢ
  2. Romanization of ᬭᬣ

CatalanEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Medieval Latin rattus (rat)

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

rata f (plural rates)

  1. rat
    Synonym: rat

Derived termsEdit

Further readingEdit


FinnishEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Proto-Finnic *rata, borrowed from Proto-Germanic *tradō. Cognates include Estonian rada, Livonian radā, Karelian rata (The Milky Way), Ingrian rata (The Milky Way).

PronunciationEdit

  • IPA(key): /ˈrɑtɑ/, [ˈrɑt̪ɑ]
  • Rhymes: -ɑtɑ
  • Syllabification: ra‧ta

NounEdit

rata

  1. (rail transport) railroad track
    Synonym: rautatie
  2. (sports) track, lane, course
  3. (curling) sheet (area of ice on which one game of curling is played)
  4. orbit (path of one object around another)
    Synonym: kiertorata
  5. course (sequence of events)
    Kaikki menee normaalia rataansa.Everything follows the normal course of events.
  6. trajectory, course (path of a body as it travels through space)
    Synonym: lentorata

DeclensionEdit

Inflection of rata (Kotus type 9/kala, t-d gradation)
nominative rata radat
genitive radan ratojen
partitive rataa ratoja
illative rataan ratoihin
singular plural
nominative rata radat
accusative nom. rata radat
gen. radan
genitive radan ratojen
ratainrare
partitive rataa ratoja
inessive radassa radoissa
elative radasta radoista
illative rataan ratoihin
adessive radalla radoilla
ablative radalta radoilta
allative radalle radoille
essive ratana ratoina
translative radaksi radoiksi
instructive radoin
abessive radatta radoitta
comitative ratoineen
Possessive forms of rata (type kala)
possessor singular plural
1st person ratani ratamme
2nd person ratasi ratanne
3rd person ratansa

CompoundsEdit

See alsoEdit

AnagramsEdit


FrenchEdit

VerbEdit

rata

  1. third-person singular past historic of rater

AnagramsEdit


GalicianEdit

EtymologyEdit

From rato (mouse).

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

rata f (plural ratas)

  1. rat

Related termsEdit

ReferencesEdit


GuaraníEdit

NounEdit

rata

  1. fire

IcelandicEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Old Norse rata, from Proto-Germanic *wratōną.

PronunciationEdit

VerbEdit

rata (weak verb, third-person singular past indicative rataði, supine ratað)

  1. to find one’s way
    • a. 13th century, Hávamál (English source, Icelandic sourve)
      Vits er þörf
      þeim er víða ratar.
      Dælt er heima hvað.
      Að augabragði verður
      sá er ekki kann
      og með snotrum situr.
      Wits must he have
      who wanders wide,
      But all is easy at home;
      At the witless man
      the wise shall wink
      When among such men he sits.

ConjugationEdit


IndonesianEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Malay rata, from Javanese ꦫꦠ (rata), ultimately from Proto-Malayo-Polynesian *dataʀ. Doublet of datar.

AdjectiveEdit

rata

  1. even
  2. flat
    Gempa bumi telah menyebabkan bangunan-bangunan itu menjadi rata dengan tanah.
    An earthquake had been flattened the buildings.
  3. smooth
    permukaannya (tidak rata / kasar)
    the surface (is not smooth / is rough)

SynonymsEdit


ItalianEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Medieval Latin rata, from the Latin phrase pro rata parte (according to the proportional share), from ratus (reckoned), past participle of the verb reor (I think over, deem, reckon).

NounEdit

rata f (plural rate)

  1. instalment

AnagramsEdit


JavaneseEdit

RomanizationEdit

rata

  1. Romanization of ꦫꦠ

LadinEdit

NounEdit

rata f (plural rates)

  1. dose
  2. instalment

VerbEdit

rata

  1. third-person singular present indicative of rater
  2. third-person plural present indicative of rater
  3. second-person singular imperative of rater

LatinEdit

Pronunciation 1Edit

AdjectiveEdit

rata

  1. inflection of ratus:
    1. nominative/vocative feminine singular
    2. nominative/accusative/vocative neuter plural

Pronunciation 2Edit

AdjectiveEdit

ratā

  1. ablative feminine singular of ratus

LatvianEdit

NounEdit

rata m

  1. genitive singular form of rats

LinduEdit

NounEdit

rata

  1. guest
  2. foreigner

MalayEdit

Etymology 1Edit

Ultimately from Proto-Malayo-Polynesian *dataʀ. Doublet of datar.

AdjectiveEdit

rata (Jawi spelling رات‎, plural rata-rata)

  1. level, even, flat
Derived termsEdit
DescendantsEdit
  • Indonesian: rata

Etymology 2Edit

From Sanskrit रथ (ratha).

NounEdit

rata (Jawi spelling رات‎, plural rata-rata, informal 1st possessive rataku, impolite 2nd possessive ratamu, 3rd possessive ratanya)

  1. chariot

Further readingEdit


MaoriEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Proto-Oceanic *lasa (Compare Fijian lasa).

AdjectiveEdit

rata

  1. tame
  2. quiet

Northern SothoEdit

EtymologyEdit

Cognate with Zulu -thanda, Tsonga -rhandza.

VerbEdit

rata

  1. to love

OccitanEdit

EtymologyEdit

Feminine of rat (rat)

NounEdit

rata f (plural ratas)

  1. (Rattus rattus) female black rat

Derived termsEdit

Related termsEdit


PolishEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Italian rata, from Medieval Latin rata, from the Latin phrase pro rata parte.

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

rata f

  1. installment

DeclensionEdit

Further readingEdit

  • rata in Wielki słownik języka polskiego, Instytut Języka Polskiego PAN
  • rata in Polish dictionaries at PWN

PortugueseEdit

NounEdit

rata f (plural ratas)

  1. female equivalent of rato
  2. (informal) vagina (woman's genitalia)

SynonymsEdit

  • (woman's genitalia): See here

RomanianEdit

EtymologyEdit

From French rater.

VerbEdit

a rata (third-person singular present ratează, past participle ratat1st conj.

  1. to miss, to fail

ConjugationEdit


Serbo-CroatianEdit

Etymology 1Edit

From Italian rata (installment)

PronunciationEdit

  • IPA(key): /rǎːta/
  • Hyphenation: ra‧ta

NounEdit

ráta f (Cyrillic spelling ра́та)

  1. installment
DeclensionEdit

Etymology 2Edit

See the etymology of the main entry.

NounEdit

rata (Cyrillic spelling рата)

  1. genitive singular of rat

SothoEdit

EtymologyEdit

Cognate with Zulu -thanda, Tsonga -rhandza.

VerbEdit

rata

  1. to love

SpanishEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Vulgar Latin rattus (rat), of Germanic origin. It is not known how the noun made the jump to a feminine noun.

PronunciationEdit

  • IPA(key): /ˈrata/, [ˈra.t̪a]

AdjectiveEdit

rata (invariable)

  1. (colloquial, derogatory) stingy, miser, tight-fisted
    Synonyms: tacaño, pesetero, hijo de puta
  2. (colloquial, derogatory) rat, jerk (a despicable person, especially who has been deceitful or disloyal)
  3. (colloquial, derogatory) rat, snitch, informant
    Synonyms: chivato, soplón, delator, sapo

NounEdit

rata f (plural ratas, masculine rato, masculine plural ratos)

  1. rat (a medium-sized rodent belonging to the genus Rattus)

HyponymsEdit

Derived termsEdit

Related termsEdit


SwedishEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Old Norse hrata, from Proto-Germanic *hratt- (to rush); see *hradaz (hasty, quick). Cognate with Icelandic hrata (to lose balance) and Old English hratian (to hurry).

VerbEdit

rata (present ratar, preterite ratade, supine ratat, imperative rata)

  1. to reject
    Synonyms: avslå, försmå, kassera, skrota, underkänna, vraka
    Antonyms: anta, godta, ta, välja

ConjugationEdit

ReferencesEdit


TswanaEdit

PronunciationEdit

VerbEdit

go rata (past ratile)

  1. to love
  2. to like

VepsEdit

EtymologyEdit

Borrowed from Russian страдать (stradatʹ). Compare Finnish raataa, Karelian ruadua and Ludian ruata.

VerbEdit

rata

  1. to work
  2. to toil
  3. to act (perform an action)

InflectionEdit

Inflection
1st infinitive rata
present indic. radab
past indic. radoi
present
indicative
past
indicative
imperative
1st singular radan radoin
2nd singular radad radoid rada
3rd singular radab radoi ?
1st plural radam radoim rakam
2nd plural radat radoit rakat
3rd plural ratas
radaba
radoiba ?
sing. conneg.1 rada radand rada
plur. conneg. rakoi ranugoi rakoi
present
conditional
past
conditional
potential
1st singular radaižin ranuižin radanen
2nd singular radaižid ranuižid radaned
3rd singular radaiži ranuiži radaneb
1st plural radaižim ranuižim radanem
2nd plural radaižit ranuižit radanet
3rd plural radaižiba ranuižiba radaneba
connegative radaiži ranuiži radane
non-finite forms
1st infinitive rata
2nd infinitive 3rd infinitive
inessive rates inessive radamas
instructive raten illative ?
participles elative radamaspäi
present active radai adessive radamal
past active ranu abessive radamat
past passive ratud

ReferencesEdit