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From French réciprocité


reciprocity (countable and uncountable, plural reciprocities)

  1. The characteristic of being reciprocal, e.g. of a relationship between people.
    In a friendship, reciprocity occurs where the contribution of each party meets the expectations of the other party.
    • 1834, Letitia Elizabeth Landon, Francesca Carrara, volume 1, pages 111-112:
      There might be benefit on one side, and obligation on the other; but their reciprocity of affection, their mutual exchange of small kindnesses—those strongest rivets of common attachment—were no more.
  2. A reciprocal relationship.
  3. A relation of mutual dependence or action or influence.
  4. (grammar) A reciprocal construction involves two noun phrases where each of the participants occupies both the role of agent and patient with respect to the other. see: Wikipedia:Reciprocal pronoun.
  5. (international law) The mutual exchange of rights, privileges or obligations between nations. see: Wikipedia:Reciprocity (international relations).
  6. (psychology) The responses of individuals to the actions of others.

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