Open main menu
See also: recusó




re- +‎ causa +‎


  • (Classical) IPA(key): /reˈkuː.soː/, [rɛˈkuː.soː]
  • (file)


recūsō (present infinitive recūsāre, perfect active recūsāvī, supine recūsātum); first conjugation

  1. I refuse, decline
    • 100 BCE – 44 BCE, Julius Caesar, Commentarii de Bello Gallico 1.44:
      Si iterum experiri velint, se iterum paratum esse decertare; si pace uti velint, iniquum esse de stipendio recusare, quod sua voluntate ad id tempus pependerint.
      If they chose to make a second trial, he was ready to encounter them again; but if they chose to enjoy peace, it was unfair to refuse the tribute, which of their own free-will they had paid up to that time.
  2. I object to, reject
  3. (law) I protest, object


   Conjugation of recūsō (first conjugation)
indicative singular plural
first second third first second third
active present recūsō recūsās recūsat recūsāmus recūsātis recūsant
imperfect recūsābam recūsābās recūsābat recūsābāmus recūsābātis recūsābant
future recūsābō recūsābis recūsābit recūsābimus recūsābitis recūsābunt
perfect recūsāvī recūsāvistī, recūsāstī1 recūsāvit recūsāvimus recūsāvistis, recūsāstis1 recūsāvērunt, recūsāvēre
pluperfect recūsāveram recūsāverās recūsāverat recūsāverāmus recūsāverātis recūsāverant
future perfect recūsāverō recūsāveris recūsāverit recūsāverimus recūsāveritis recūsāverint
passive present recūsor recūsāris, recūsāre recūsātur recūsāmur recūsāminī recūsantur
imperfect recūsābar recūsābāris, recūsābāre recūsābātur recūsābāmur recūsābāminī recūsābantur
future recūsābor recūsāberis, recūsābere recūsābitur recūsābimur recūsābiminī recūsābuntur
perfect recūsātus + present active indicative of sum
pluperfect recūsātus + imperfect active indicative of sum
future perfect recūsātus + future active indicative of sum
subjunctive singular plural
first second third first second third
active present recūsem recūsēs recūset recūsēmus recūsētis recūsent
imperfect recūsārem recūsārēs recūsāret recūsārēmus recūsārētis recūsārent
perfect recūsāverim recūsāverīs recūsāverit recūsāverīmus recūsāverītis recūsāverint
pluperfect recūsāvissem, recūsāssem1 recūsāvissēs, recūsāssēs1 recūsāvisset, recūsāsset1 recūsāvissēmus, recūsāssēmus1 recūsāvissētis, recūsāssētis1 recūsāvissent, recūsāssent1
passive present recūser recūsēris, recūsēre recūsētur recūsēmur recūsēminī recūsentur
imperfect recūsārer recūsārēris, recūsārēre recūsārētur recūsārēmur recūsārēminī recūsārentur
perfect recūsātus + present active subjunctive of sum
pluperfect recūsātus + imperfect active subjunctive of sum
imperative singular plural
first second third first second third
active present recūsā recūsāte
future recūsātō recūsātō recūsātōte recūsantō
passive present recūsāre recūsāminī
future recūsātor recūsātor recūsantor
non-finite forms active passive
present perfect future present perfect future
infinitives recūsāre recūsāvisse, recūsāsse1 recūsātūrum esse recūsārī recūsātum esse recūsātum īrī
participles recūsāns recūsātūrus recūsātus recūsandus
verbal nouns gerund supine
genitive dative accusative ablative accusative ablative
recūsandī recūsandō recūsandum recūsandō recūsātum recūsātū

1At least one rare poetic syncopated perfect form is attested.

Related termsEdit



  • recuso in Charlton T. Lewis and Charles Short (1879) A Latin Dictionary, Oxford: Clarendon Press
  • recuso in Charlton T. Lewis (1891) An Elementary Latin Dictionary, New York: Harper & Brothers
  • recuso in Gaffiot, Félix (1934) Dictionnaire Illustré Latin-Français, Hachette
  • Carl Meissner; Henry William Auden (1894) Latin Phrase-Book[1], London: Macmillan and Co.
    • to avoid no risk in order to..: nullum periculum recusare pro
    • I will refuse you nothing: nihil tibi a me postulanti recusabo





  1. First-person singular (yo) present indicative form of recusar.