English edit

English Wikipedia has an article on:

Etymology edit

re- +‎ duplication

Pronunciation edit

  • (UK) IPA(key): /ɹɪ.djuː.plɪ.ˈkeɪ.ʃən/
  • (US) IPA(key): /ɹəˌd(j)u.plə.ˈkeɪ.ʃən/, /ɹi-/, /ɹɪ-/, /-plɪ-/, /-ʃɪn/
  • Rhymes: -eɪʃən

Noun edit

reduplication (countable and uncountable, plural reduplications)

  1. (linguistics) The act of, or an instance of, reduplicating.
    • 1958, Anthony Burgess, The Enemy in the Blanket (The Malayan Trilogy), published 1972, page 256:
      Her Malay was the Malay of the Staate of Lanchap [...] and she spoke it fierily, with crisp glottal checks, with much bubbling reduplication.
    • 2019, Li Huang, James Lambert, “Another Arrow for the Quiver: A New Methodology for Multilingual Researchers”, in Journal of Multilingual and Multicultural Development, →DOI, page 10:
      Grammatically, Malay uses reduplication for plurals (burung = bird, burung-burung = birds) and thus repeated words are commonly heard in Malay speech[.]
  2. (anatomy) The folding or doubling of a part or organ.

Usage notes edit

Here are examples of reduplication in English:

Type Accents, etc. Examples
Exact acute-null accents
bye-bye, choo-choo, night night, no-no, pee-pee, poo-poo
Contrastive focus reduplication emphasis on first word I want salad-salad, not tuna salad; milk milk, not almond milk
Ablaut acute-grave accents
high-low vowels
front-back vowels
chit-chat, criss-cross, knick-knack, jibber-jabber, splish-splash, zig-zag
Rhyming acute-acute accents
varied initials
hokey-pokey, okey-dokey, super-duper, wingding
Shm-reduplication altered initials fancy-shmancy (or fancy-schmancy), pork-shmork, work-shmork (or work-schmerk, etc)

Derived terms edit

Translations edit