See also: Rennen and rënnen

Dutch

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Pronunciation

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  • IPA(key): /rɛ.nə(n)/
  • Audio:(file)
  • Hyphenation: ren‧nen
  • Rhymes: -ɛnən

Etymology 1

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A merger of two related verbs:

Doublet with runnen (to manage).

Alternative forms

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Verb

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rennen

  1. (intransitive, about people or animals) to run, to move fast
Inflection
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Conjugation of rennen (weak)
infinitive rennen
past singular rende
past participle gerend
infinitive rennen
gerund rennen n
present tense past tense
1st person singular ren rende
2nd person sing. (jij) rent rende
2nd person sing. (u) rent rende
2nd person sing. (gij) rent rende
3rd person singular rent rende
plural rennen renden
subjunctive sing.1 renne rende
subjunctive plur.1 rennen renden
imperative sing. ren
imperative plur.1 rent
participles rennend gerend
1) Archaic.
Synonyms
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Derived terms
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Descendants
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  • Papiamentu: ren (dated)

Etymology 2

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Noun

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rennen

  1. plural of ren

German

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Etymology

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From a merger of transitive / causative Old High German rennan (to make something run or flow) (from Proto-Germanic *rannijaną), and intransitive Old High German rinnan (to run or flow) (from Proto-Germanic *rinnaną). A similar development of merging roots can be seen in Dutch rennen and English run as well.

Pronunciation

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Verb

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rennen (irregular weak, third-person singular present rennt, past tense rannte, past participle gerannt, past subjunctive rennte, auxiliary haben or sein)

  1. (intransitive) to run; to race; to sprint (said of competing sportsmen, animals etc.) [auxiliary sein]
    So schnell wie Mike rennt niemand in der Klasse.
    In this class, nobody runs as fast as Mike.
    Der Gepard ist das Säugetier, welches am schnellsten rennen kann.
    The cheetah is the mammal which can run the fastest.
  2. (transitive) to run over (someone) [auxiliary haben]
    jemanden zu Boden rennento run someone to the ground

Usage notes

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Although laufen is used more frequently than rennen in the sense of to run, the latter is often used to describe running fast or to an excessive degree, like a hunting animal or a sprinter does.

Die Sportler rannten alle sehr schnell. — The sportsmen all ran very fast. -but- Sie laufen, wie jeden Morgen, zu Fuß zur Schule. — They run (or jog) to school on foot, as they do every morning.

Conjugation

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As a result of the merger of Old High German rinnan and rennan, the verb does follow the same ablaut-pattern as kennen but has regular endings in its preterite and past participle like other weak conjugated verbs.

Derived terms

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See also

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Further reading

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  • rennen” in Digitales Wörterbuch der deutschen Sprache
  • rennen” in Uni Leipzig: Wortschatz-Lexikon
  • rennen” in Duden online
  • rennen” in OpenThesaurus.de

Japanese

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Romanization

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rennen

  1. Rōmaji transcription of れんねん

Luxembourgish

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Etymology

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Cognate with German rennen, Dutch rennen, English run.

Pronunciation

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Verb

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rennen (third-person singular present rennt, past participle gerannt, auxiliary verb sinn)

  1. (intransitive) to run

Conjugation

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Regular
infinitive rennen
participle gerannt
auxiliary sinn
present
indicative
imperative
1st singular rennen
2nd singular renns renn
3rd singular rennt
1st plural rennen
2nd plural rennt rennt
3rd plural rennen
(n) or (nn) indicates the Eifeler Regel.

Synonyms

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Middle English

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Etymology 1

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From Old English rinnan, with variants from irnan, iernan, from Proto-West Germanic *rinnan, from Proto-Germanic *rinnaną (to flow, run).

Alternative forms

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Verb

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rennen (third-person singular simple present renneth, present participle renninge, first-/third-person singular past indicative ran, past participle runne)

  1. to run
Descendants
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References

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Etymology 2

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From Old English ærnan and Old Norse, perhaps from Proto-Germanic *rannijaną (to cause to run, flow). Compare Middle Dutch rennen (to run, ride fast).

Alternative forms

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Verb

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rennen (third-person singular simple present renneth, present participle rennende, first-/third-person singular past indicative and past participle rende)

  1. to ride (transport oneself on horseback) swiftly