See also: Rennen and rënnen

DutchEdit

PronunciationEdit

  • IPA(key): /rɛ.nə(n)/
  • (file)
  • Hyphenation: ren‧nen
  • Rhymes: -ɛnən

Etymology 1Edit

A merger of two related verbs:

Alternative formsEdit

VerbEdit

rennen

  1. (intransitive, about people or animals) to run, to move fast
  2. (intransitive, about fluids) to run, flow, stream
  3. (intransitive, about fluids) to flow together, combine, thicken
  4. (intransitive) to leak, seep through
InflectionEdit
Inflection of rennen (weak)
infinitive rennen
past singular rende
past participle gerend
infinitive rennen
gerund rennen n
present tense past tense
1st person singular ren rende
2nd person sing. (jij) rent rende
2nd person sing. (u) rent rende
2nd person sing. (gij) rent rende
3rd person singular rent rende
plural rennen renden
subjunctive sing.1 renne rende
subjunctive plur.1 rennen renden
imperative sing. ren
imperative plur.1 rent
participles rennend gerend
1) Archaic.
SynonymsEdit
Derived termsEdit

Etymology 2Edit

NounEdit

rennen

  1. Plural form of ren

GermanEdit

EtymologyEdit

From a merger of Old High German rennan (from Proto-Germanic *rannijaną), and Old High German rinnan (from Proto-Germanic *rinnaną). A similar development of merging roots can be seen in Dutch rennen and English run as well.

PronunciationEdit

VerbEdit

rennen (irregular, third-person singular simple present rennt, past tense rannte, past participle gerannt, past subjunctive rennte, auxiliary haben or sein)

  1. (intransitive, auxiliary: “sein) to run; to race; to sprint (said of competing sportsmen, animals etc.)
    So schnell wie Mike rennt niemand in der Klasse.
    In this class, nobody runs as fast as Mike.
    Der Gepard ist das Säugetier, welches am schnellsten rennen kann.
    The cheetah is the mammal which can run the fastest.
  2. (transitive, auxiliary: “haben) to run over (someone)
    jemanden zu Boden rennento run someone to the ground

Usage notesEdit

Although laufen is used more frequently than rennen in the sense of to run, the latter is often used to describe running fast or to an excessive degree, like a hunting animal or a sprinter does.

Die Sportler rannten alle sehr schnell. — The sportsmen all ran very fast. -but- Sie laufen, wie jeden Morgen, zu Fuß zur Schule. — They run (or jog) to school on foot, as they do every morning.

ConjugationEdit

As a result of the merger of Old High German rinnan and rennan, the verb does follow the same ablaut-pattern as kennen but has regular endings in its preterite and past participle like other weak conjugated verbs.

Derived termsEdit

See alsoEdit

Further readingEdit


JapaneseEdit

RomanizationEdit

rennen

  1. Rōmaji transcription of れんねん

LuxembourgishEdit

EtymologyEdit

Cognate with German rennen, Dutch rennen, English run.

PronunciationEdit

VerbEdit

rennen (third-person singular present rennt, past participle gerannt, auxiliary verb sinn)

  1. (intransitive) to run

ConjugationEdit

Regular
infinitive rennen
participle gerannt
auxiliary sinn
present
indicative
imperative
1st singular rennen
2nd singular renns renn
3rd singular rennt
1st plural rennen
2nd plural rennt rennt
3rd plural rennen
(n) or (nn) indicates the Eifeler Regel.

SynonymsEdit


Middle EnglishEdit

Etymology 1Edit

From Old English rinnan, with variants from irnan, iernan, from Proto-Germanic *rinnaną (to flow, run).

VerbEdit

rennen (third-person singular simple present renneth, present participle renninge, simple past ran, past participle runne)

  1. to run
Alternative formsEdit
DescendantsEdit
  • English: rin, run
  • Scots: rin
  • Yola: rhin

ReferencesEdit

Etymology 2Edit

From Old English ærnan and Old Norse, perhaps from Proto-Germanic *rannijaną (to cause to run, flow). Compare Middle Dutch rennen (to run, ride fast).

VerbEdit

rennen (third-person singular simple present renneth, present participle rennende, simple past and past participle rende)

  1. to ride (transport oneself on horseback) swiftly
Alternative formsEdit