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EnglishEdit

PronunciationEdit

Etymology 1Edit

Borrowed from Latin retortus, from retorquēre (to be forced to twist back).

NounEdit

retort (plural retorts)

  1. A sharp or witty reply, or one which turns an argument against its originator; a comeback.
TranslationsEdit

VerbEdit

retort (third-person singular simple present retorts, present participle retorting, simple past and past participle retorted)

  1. To say something sharp or witty in answer to a remark or accusation.
    • 1905, Baroness Emmuska Orczy, chapter 1, in The Ayrsham Mystery[1]:
      “It is a pity,” he retorted with aggravating meekness, “that they do not use a little common sense. The case resembles that of Columbus'  egg, and is every bit as simple. […]”
  2. To make a remark which reverses an argument upon its originator; to return, as an argument, accusation, censure, or incivility.
    to retort the charge of vanity
    • Milton
      And with retorted scorn his back he turned.
  3. To bend or curve back.
    a retorted line
    • Southey
      With retorted head, pruned themselves as they floated.
  4. To throw back; to reverberate; to reflect.
    • Shakespeare
      As when his virtues, shining upon others, / Heat them and they retort that heat again / To the first giver.
SynonymsEdit
TranslationsEdit

Etymology 2Edit

From French retorte.

 
Retort for distillation

NounEdit

retort (plural retorts)

  1. (chemistry) A flask with a rounded base and a long neck that is bent down and tapered, used to heat a liquid for distillation.
    • 1893, Conan Doyle, Arthur, The Naval Treaty, Norton, page 670:
      A large curved retort was boiling furiously in the bluish flame of a Bunsen burner, and the distilled drops were condensing into a two-litre measure.
  2. A airtight vessel in which material is subjected to high temperatures in the chemical industry or as part of an industrial manufacturing process, especially during the smelting and forging of metal.
  3. A pressure cooker
Derived termsEdit
TranslationsEdit

VerbEdit

retort (third-person singular simple present retorts, present participle retorting, simple past and past participle retorted)

  1. (transitive) To heat in a retort.

Further readingEdit

  retort on Wikipedia.Wikipedia

AnagramsEdit