See also: Ripe, RIPE, ripé, and řípě

English edit

Pronunciation edit

  • (UK, US) IPA(key): /ɹaɪp/
  • (file)
  • Rhymes: -aɪp

Etymology 1 edit

From Middle English ripe, rype, from Old English rīpe (ripe, mature), from Proto-West Germanic *rīpī, from Proto-Germanic *rīpijaz, *rīpiz, from Proto-Indo-European *h₁reyb- (to snatch). Cognate with West Frisian ryp (ripe), Dutch rijp (ripe), German reif (ripe). Related to reap.

Alternative forms edit

Adjective edit

ripe (comparative riper, superlative ripest)

  1. (of fruits, vegetables, seeds etc.) Ready for reaping or gathering; having attained perfection; mature
    ripe grain
    ripe apples
    • 1667, John Milton, “(please specify the book number)”, in Paradise Lost. [], London: [] [Samuel Simmons], [], →OCLC; republished as Paradise Lost in Ten Books: [], London: Basil Montagu Pickering [], 1873, →OCLC:
      So mayst thou live, till, like ripe fruit, thou drop / Into thy mother's lap.
    • 2013 May-June, David Van Tassel, Lee DeHaan, “Wild Plants to the Rescue”, in American Scientist, volume 101, number 3:
      Plant breeding is always a numbers game. [] The wild species we use are rich in genetic variation, […]. In addition, we are looking for rare alleles, so the more plants we try, the better. These rarities may be new mutations, or they can be existing ones that are neutral—or are even selected against—in a wild population. A good example is mutations that disrupt seed dispersal, leaving the seeds on the heads long after they are ripe.
  2. (of foods) Advanced to the state of fitness for use; mellow
    ripe cheese
    ripe wine
  3. (figuratively) Having attained its full development; mature; perfected
    Synonym: consummate
    • 1895, Henry James, The Altar of the Dead:
      She was a feature of that piety, but even at the ripe stage of acquaintance in which they occasionally arranged to meet at a concert or to go together to an exhibition she was not a feature of anything else.
    • 1623, William Shakespeare, The Life of King Henry the Eighth:
      He was a scholar, and a ripe and good one.
  4. (archaic) Maturated or suppurated; ready to discharge (said of sores, tumors, etc.)
  5. Ready for action or effect; prepared.
    • 1705, J[oseph] Addison, Remarks on Several Parts of Italy, &c. in the Years 1701, 1702, 1703, London: [] Jacob Tonson, [], →OCLC:
      while things were just ripe for a war
    • 1775, Edmund Burke, Conciliation with America:
      I am not ripe to pass sentence on the gravest public bodies.
    • 1910, Theodore C. Williams, The Aeneid, translation of Aeneis by Virgil, Book IV Chapter 28:
      nor was the doom / of guilty deed, but of a hapless wight / to sudden madness stung, ere ripe to die, / therefore the Queen of Hades had not shorn / the fair tress from her forehead, nor assigned / that soul to Stygian dark.
    • 1988, Queensrÿche, Revolution Calling:
      But the time is ripe for changes. There's a growing feeling. That taking a chance on a new kind of vision is due
  6. Like ripened fruit in ruddiness and plumpness.
  7. (obsolete) Intoxicated.
    Synonyms: see Thesaurus:drunk
    • 1610–1611 (date written), William Shakespeare, “The Tempest”, in Mr. William Shakespeares Comedies, Histories, & Tragedies [] (First Folio), London: [] Isaac Iaggard, and Ed[ward] Blount, published 1623, →OCLC, [Act V, scene i]:
      Alonso: And Trinculo is reeling-ripe: where should they / Find this grand liquor that hath gilded them? / How cam'st thou in this pickle?
  8. (law) Of a conflict between parties, having developed to a stage where the conflict may be reviewed by a court of law.
    • 2004, Kenneth F. Warren, Administrative Law in the Political System[3], →ISBN, page 427:
      Problems emerge in judging whether a case is ripe, however, when contested general agency directives are issued that are not aimed at specific parties.
  9. Smelly: having a disagreeable odor.
    Synonyms: see Thesaurus:malodorous
    • 2004, Colum McCann, Fishing the Sloe-Black River[4], →ISBN, page 141:
      Dolores, giving her a bath yesterday, said she was a bit ripe under the armpits.
Antonyms edit
Derived terms edit
Translations edit
The translations below need to be checked and inserted above into the appropriate translation tables. See instructions at Wiktionary:Entry layout § Translations.

Noun edit

ripe (plural ripes)

  1. (agriculture) A fruit or vegetable which has ripened.
    • 1993, Paul J. Dosal, Doing Business with the Dictators[5], →ISBN, page 76:
      When he realized that the ripes would not make it back to Selma, Zemurray offered a free bunch of bananas to any telegraph operator who notified local grocers that he was coming through with a shipment of bananas.
Translations edit

Verb edit

ripe (third-person singular simple present ripes, present participle riping, simple past and past participle riped)

  1. To ripen or mature
Translations edit

Etymology 2 edit

From Middle English ripe, from Latin ripa.

Noun edit

ripe (plural ripes)

  1. The bank of a river.
Related terms edit

Etymology 3 edit

(This etymology is missing or incomplete. Please add to it, or discuss it at the Etymology scriptorium.)

Verb edit

ripe (third-person singular simple present ripes, present participle riping, simple past and past participle riped)

  1. (transitive, obsolete) To search; to rummage.
Related terms edit

Etymology 4 edit

An alteration of rife.

Adjective edit

ripe (not comparable)

  1. (proscribed, used with with) Rife
    • 2022 November 27, Edward Helmore, “‘Extinction is on the table’: Jaron Lanier warns of tech’s existential threat to humanity”, in The Guardian[6]:
      The current state of the tech industry is ripe with danger and poses an existential threat, he believes.

Anagrams edit

Finnish edit

Etymology edit

From a sound-symbolic root rip- +‎ -e. The stem is also found in ripottaa (to sprinle), ripistä (to crackle quietly) and rippu (nugget, pinch). Cognates include Karelian ripe (crumb; lodicule) and rippuine ((leftover) piece, scrap).[1]

Pronunciation edit

  • IPA(key): /ˈripeˣ/, [ˈripe̞(ʔ)]
  • Rhymes: -ipe
  • Syllabification(key): ri‧pe

Noun edit

ripe

  1. (chiefly in the plural) the leftovers, remains

Declension edit

Inflection of ripe (Kotus type 48*B/hame, pp-p gradation)
nominative ripe rippeet
genitive rippeen rippeiden
rippeitten
partitive ripettä rippeitä
illative rippeeseen rippeisiin
rippeihin
singular plural
nominative ripe rippeet
accusative nom. ripe rippeet
gen. rippeen
genitive rippeen rippeiden
rippeitten
partitive ripettä rippeitä
inessive rippeessä rippeissä
elative rippeestä rippeistä
illative rippeeseen rippeisiin
rippeihin
adessive rippeellä rippeillä
ablative rippeeltä rippeiltä
allative rippeelle rippeille
essive rippeenä rippeinä
translative rippeeksi rippeiksi
abessive rippeettä rippeittä
instructive rippein
comitative See the possessive forms below.
Possessive forms of ripe (Kotus type 48*B/hame, pp-p gradation)
first-person singular possessor
singular plural
nominative rippeeni rippeeni
accusative nom. rippeeni rippeeni
gen. rippeeni
genitive rippeeni rippeideni
rippeitteni
partitive ripettäni rippeitäni
inessive rippeessäni rippeissäni
elative rippeestäni rippeistäni
illative rippeeseeni rippeisiini
rippeihini
adessive rippeelläni rippeilläni
ablative rippeeltäni rippeiltäni
allative rippeelleni rippeilleni
essive rippeenäni rippeinäni
translative rippeekseni rippeikseni
abessive rippeettäni rippeittäni
instructive
comitative rippeineni
second-person singular possessor
singular plural
nominative rippeesi rippeesi
accusative nom. rippeesi rippeesi
gen. rippeesi
genitive rippeesi rippeidesi
rippeittesi
partitive ripettäsi rippeitäsi
inessive rippeessäsi rippeissäsi
elative rippeestäsi rippeistäsi
illative rippeeseesi rippeisiisi
rippeihisi
adessive rippeelläsi rippeilläsi
ablative rippeeltäsi rippeiltäsi
allative rippeellesi rippeillesi
essive rippeenäsi rippeinäsi
translative rippeeksesi rippeiksesi
abessive rippeettäsi rippeittäsi
instructive
comitative rippeinesi
first-person plural possessor
singular plural
nominative rippeemme rippeemme
accusative nom. rippeemme rippeemme
gen. rippeemme
genitive rippeemme rippeidemme
rippeittemme
partitive ripettämme rippeitämme
inessive rippeessämme rippeissämme
elative rippeestämme rippeistämme
illative rippeeseemme rippeisiimme
rippeihimme
adessive rippeellämme rippeillämme
ablative rippeeltämme rippeiltämme
allative rippeellemme rippeillemme
essive rippeenämme rippeinämme
translative rippeeksemme rippeiksemme
abessive rippeettämme rippeittämme
instructive
comitative rippeinemme
second-person plural possessor
singular plural
nominative rippeenne rippeenne
accusative nom. rippeenne rippeenne
gen. rippeenne
genitive rippeenne rippeidenne
rippeittenne
partitive ripettänne rippeitänne
inessive rippeessänne rippeissänne
elative rippeestänne rippeistänne
illative rippeeseenne rippeisiinne
rippeihinne
adessive rippeellänne rippeillänne
ablative rippeeltänne rippeiltänne
allative rippeellenne rippeillenne
essive rippeenänne rippeinänne
translative rippeeksenne rippeiksenne
abessive rippeettänne rippeittänne
instructive
comitative rippeinenne
third-person possessor
singular plural
nominative rippeensä rippeensä
accusative nom. rippeensä rippeensä
gen. rippeensä
genitive rippeensä rippeidensä
rippeittensä
partitive ripettään
ripettänsä
rippeitään
rippeitänsä
inessive rippeessään
rippeessänsä
rippeissään
rippeissänsä
elative rippeestään
rippeestänsä
rippeistään
rippeistänsä
illative rippeeseensä rippeisiinsä
rippeihinsä
adessive rippeellään
rippeellänsä
rippeillään
rippeillänsä
ablative rippeeltään
rippeeltänsä
rippeiltään
rippeiltänsä
allative rippeelleen
rippeellensä
rippeilleen
rippeillensä
essive rippeenään
rippeenänsä
rippeinään
rippeinänsä
translative rippeekseen
rippeeksensä
rippeikseen
rippeiksensä
abessive rippeettään
rippeettänsä
rippeittään
rippeittänsä
instructive
comitative rippeineen
rippeinensä

Dialectal, dated:

Inflection of ripe (Kotus type 8*/nalle, p-pp gradation)
nominative ripe rippet
genitive rippen ripejen
partitive ripeä ripejä
illative ripeen ripeihin
singular plural
nominative ripe rippet
accusative nom. ripe rippet
gen. rippen
genitive rippen ripejen
ripeinrare
partitive ripeä ripejä
inessive rippessä rippeissä
elative rippestä rippeistä
illative ripeen ripeihin
adessive rippellä rippeillä
ablative rippeltä rippeiltä
allative rippelle rippeille
essive ripenä ripeinä
translative rippeksi rippeiksi
abessive rippettä rippeittä
instructive rippein
comitative See the possessive forms below.
Possessive forms of ripe (Kotus type 8*/nalle, p-pp gradation)
first-person singular possessor
singular plural
nominative ripeni ripeni
accusative nom. ripeni ripeni
gen. ripeni
genitive ripeni ripejeni
ripeinirare
partitive ripeäni ripejäni
inessive rippessäni rippeissäni
elative rippestäni rippeistäni
illative ripeeni ripeihini
adessive rippelläni rippeilläni
ablative rippeltäni rippeiltäni
allative rippelleni rippeilleni
essive ripenäni ripeinäni
translative rippekseni rippeikseni
abessive rippettäni rippeittäni
instructive
comitative ripeineni
second-person singular possessor
singular plural
nominative ripesi ripesi
accusative nom. ripesi ripesi
gen. ripesi
genitive ripesi ripejesi
ripeisirare
partitive ripeäsi ripejäsi
inessive rippessäsi rippeissäsi
elative rippestäsi rippeistäsi
illative ripeesi ripeihisi
adessive rippelläsi rippeilläsi
ablative rippeltäsi rippeiltäsi
allative rippellesi rippeillesi
essive ripenäsi ripeinäsi
translative rippeksesi rippeiksesi
abessive rippettäsi rippeittäsi
instructive
comitative ripeinesi
first-person plural possessor
singular plural
nominative ripemme ripemme
accusative nom. ripemme ripemme
gen. ripemme
genitive ripemme ripejemme
ripeimmerare
partitive ripeämme ripejämme
inessive rippessämme rippeissämme
elative rippestämme rippeistämme
illative ripeemme ripeihimme
adessive rippellämme rippeillämme
ablative rippeltämme rippeiltämme
allative rippellemme rippeillemme
essive ripenämme ripeinämme
translative rippeksemme rippeiksemme
abessive rippettämme rippeittämme
instructive
comitative ripeinemme
second-person plural possessor
singular plural
nominative ripenne ripenne
accusative nom. ripenne ripenne
gen. ripenne
genitive ripenne ripejenne
ripeinnerare
partitive ripeänne ripejänne
inessive rippessänne rippeissänne
elative rippestänne rippeistänne
illative ripeenne ripeihinne
adessive rippellänne rippeillänne
ablative rippeltänne rippeiltänne
allative rippellenne rippeillenne
essive ripenänne ripeinänne
translative rippeksenne rippeiksenne
abessive rippettänne rippeittänne
instructive
comitative ripeinenne
third-person possessor
singular plural
nominative ripensä ripensä
accusative nom. ripensä ripensä
gen. ripensä
genitive ripensä ripejensä
ripeinsärare
partitive ripeään
ripeänsä
ripejään
ripejänsä
inessive rippessään
rippessänsä
rippeissään
rippeissänsä
elative rippestään
rippestänsä
rippeistään
rippeistänsä
illative ripeensä ripeihinsä
adessive rippellään
rippellänsä
rippeillään
rippeillänsä
ablative rippeltään
rippeltänsä
rippeiltään
rippeiltänsä
allative rippelleen
rippellensä
rippeilleen
rippeillensä
essive ripenään
ripenänsä
ripeinään
ripeinänsä
translative rippekseen
rippeksensä
rippeikseen
rippeiksensä
abessive rippettään
rippettänsä
rippeittään
rippeittänsä
instructive
comitative ripeineen
ripeinensä

References edit

  1. ^ Itkonen, Erkki; Kulonen, Ulla-Maija, editors (1992–2000) Suomen sanojen alkuperä [The origin of Finnish words]‎[1] (in Finnish), [note: linked online version also includes some other etymological sources], Helsinki: Institute for the Languages of Finland/Finnish Literature Society, →ISBN

Further reading edit

Anagrams edit

French edit

Pronunciation edit

Verb edit

ripe

  1. inflection of riper:
    1. first/third-person singular present indicative/subjunctive
    2. second-person singular imperative

Further reading edit

Anagrams edit

Galician edit

Verb edit

ripe

  1. inflection of ripar:
    1. first/third-person singular present subjunctive
    2. third-person singular imperative

Italian edit

Pronunciation edit

  • IPA(key): /ˈri.pe/
  • Rhymes: -ipe
  • Hyphenation: rì‧pe

Noun edit

ripe f

  1. plural of ripa

Anagrams edit

Norwegian Bokmål edit

Etymology edit

Of unknown origin (noun, sense 1); from the same origin as rive (noun sense 2 and verb)

Noun edit

ripe f or m (definite singular ripa or ripen, indefinite plural riper, definite plural ripene)

  1. (nautical) gunwale, edge
    Synonyms: båtripe, esing
  2. a scratch

Alternative forms edit

Verb edit

ripe (imperative rip, present tense riper, passive ripes, simple past ripa or ripet or ripte, past participle ripa or ripet or ript, present participle ripende)

  1. to scratch, score
  2. to strike (a match)

References edit

Norwegian Nynorsk edit

Pronunciation edit

Etymology 1 edit

Unknown.

Alternative forms edit

Noun edit

ripe f (definite singular ripa, indefinite plural riper, definite plural ripene)

  1. (nautical) gunwale, edge
    Synonyms: båtripe, esing

Etymology 2 edit

Of the same origin as rive.

Alternative forms edit

Verb edit

ripe (present tense ripar, past tense ripa, past participle ripa, passive infinitive ripast, present participle ripande, imperative ripe/rip)

  1. to scratch, score
  2. to strike (a match)

Noun edit

ripe f (definite singular ripa, indefinite plural riper, definite plural ripene)

  1. a scratch
    Synonym: rip

References edit

Anagrams edit

Old English edit

Etymology edit

From Proto-West Germanic *rīpī, from Proto-Germanic *rīpiz.

Pronunciation edit

IPA(key): /ˈriː.pe/

Adjective edit

rīpe

  1. ripe
  2. mature

Declension edit

Antonyms edit

Derived terms edit

Descendants edit

  • English: ripe

Portuguese edit

Verb edit

ripe

  1. inflection of ripar:
    1. first/third-person singular present subjunctive
    2. third-person singular imperative