See also: rišti

EstonianEdit

Etymology 1Edit

Derived from rist.

PronunciationEdit

AdverbEdit

risti

  1. crosswise
  2. perpendicular, at a right angle

Etymology 2Edit

Derived from the genitive of rist.

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

risti (genitive risti, partitive ristit)

  1. (card games) clubs

DeclensionEdit


FinnishEdit

PronunciationEdit

  • IPA(key): /ˈristi/, [ˈris̠t̪i]
  • Rhymes: -isti
  • Syllabification: ris‧ti

Etymology 1Edit

Borrowed from Old East Slavic крьстъ (krĭstŭ, cross), from Proto-Slavic *krьstъ, from Old High German Krist, from Ancient Greek Χριστός (Khristós, Christ, literally anointed). Related to Estonian rist and Livonian rišt. The sense "clubs (card suit)" is a semantic loan from German Kreuz (much like with Czech kříž, Russian кре́сти (krésti)), probably named so due to the shape's similarity to that of a cross (particularly the Greek cross and/or the cross pattée).

NounEdit

risti

  1. cross
  2. (card games) clubs, club
  3. (music, informal) sharp (symbol ♯ in notation)
  4. Short for ristiselkä (small of the back) (used especially of animals)
  5. (typography) dagger ()
DeclensionEdit
Inflection of risti (Kotus type 5/risti, no gradation)
nominative risti ristit
genitive ristin ristien
partitive ristiä ristejä
illative ristiin risteihin
singular plural
nominative risti ristit
accusative nom. risti ristit
gen. ristin
genitive ristin ristien
partitive ristiä ristejä
inessive ristissä risteissä
elative rististä risteistä
illative ristiin risteihin
adessive ristillä risteillä
ablative ristiltä risteiltä
allative ristille risteille
essive ristinä risteinä
translative ristiksi risteiksi
instructive ristein
abessive ristittä risteittä
comitative risteineen
Possessive forms of risti (type risti)
possessor singular plural
1st person ristini ristimme
2nd person ristisi ristinne
3rd person ristinsä
SynonymsEdit
Derived termsEdit
Related termsEdit
CompoundsEdit

Etymology 2Edit

VerbEdit

risti

  1. Third-person singular indicative past form of ristiä.
  2. Indicative present connegative form of ristiä.
  3. Second-person singular imperative present form of ristiä.
  4. Second-person singular imperative present connegative form of ristiä.

ReferencesEdit

  • Kallio, Petri (2006). On the Earliest Slavic Loanwords in Finnic. In Slavica Helsingiensia 27. Helsinki. →ISBN.

AnagramsEdit


IngrianEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Old East Slavic крьстъ (krĭstŭ), from Proto-Slavic *krьstъ. Cognates include Finnish risti and Estonian rist.

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

risti (genitive rissin, partitive ristiä)

  1. cross

DeclensionEdit

Declension of risti (type 5/vahti, st-ss gradation)
singular plural
nominative risti rissit
genitive rissin ristilöin
partitive ristiä ristilöjä
illative ristii ristilöihe
inessive rissis ristilöis
elative rissist ristilöist
allative rissille ristilöille
adessive rissil ristilöil
ablative rissilt ristilöilt
translative rissiks ristilöiks
essive ristinnä,
ristiin
ristilöinnä,
ristilöin
exessive1) ristint ristilöint
1) obsolete
*) the accusative corresponds with either the genitive (sg) or nominative (pl)

ReferencesEdit

  • V. I. Junus (1936) Iƶoran Keelen Grammatikka[1], Leningrad: Riikin Ucebno-pedagogiceskoi Izdateljstva, page 62
  • Ruben E. Nirvi (1971) Inkeroismurteiden Sanakirja, Helsinki: Suomalais-Ugrilainen Seura, page 480

LithuanianEdit

PronunciationEdit

VerbEdit

rìsti (third-person present tense rìta, third-person past tense rìto) [1]

  1. (transitive) to roll
    akmenį risti[1] - to roll a stone
  2. (transitive) to overthrow

ConjugationEdit

SynonymsEdit

Related termsEdit

Derived termsEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. 1.0 1.1 “risti” in Balčikonis, Juozas et al. (1954), Dabartinės lietuvių kalbos žodynas. Vilnius: Valstybinė politinės ir mokslinės literatūros leidykla.