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EnglishEdit

PronunciationEdit

  • (UK, US) IPA(key): /ɹaɪv/
  • (file)
  • Rhymes: -aɪv

Etymology 1Edit

From Middle English riven (to rive), of North Germanic origin, from Old Norse rífa (to rend, tear apart), from Proto-Germanic *rīfaną (to tear, scratch), from Proto-Indo-European *(e)reip- (to crumble, tear). Cognate with Danish rive (to tear), Old Frisian rīva (to tear), Old English ārǣfan (to let loose, unwrap), Old Norse ript (breach of contract, rift), Norwegian Bokmål rive (to tear) and Albanian rrip (belt, rope). More at rift.

VerbEdit

rive (third-person singular simple present rives, present participle riving, simple past rived or rove, past participle rived or riven)

  1. (transitive, archaic except in past participle) To tear apart by force; to rend; to split; to cleave.
    • (Can we date this quote?) William Shakespeare
      I have seen tempests, when the scolding winds / Have rived the knotty oaks []
  2. (transitive, archaic) To pierce or cleave with a weapon.
    • 1485, Sir Thomas Malory, chapter vj, in Le Morte Darthur, book II:
      And therwith she toke the swerd from her loue that lay ded and fylle to the ground in a swowne / And whan she aroos she made grete dole out of mesure / the whiche sorowe greued Balyn passyngly sore / and he wente vnto her for to haue taken the swerd oute of her hād but [] sodenly she sette the pomell to the ground / and rofe her self thorow the body
  3. (intransitive) To break apart; to split.
    • 1590, Edmund Spenser, The Faerie Queen, II.vi:
      The varlet at his plaint was grieu'd so sore, / That his deepe wounded hart in two did riue [].
    • (Can we date this quote?) John Woodward
      Freestone rives, splits, and breaks in any direction.
    • 2012, David W. Phillipson, Foundations of an African Civilisation. Aksum & the northern Horn, 1000 BC–AD 1300, Woodbridge, Suffolk: James Currey, page 10:
      To the west, the country descends more gradually to the extensive plains of the Nile Valley but is riven by the rugged valleys of the Takezze and other Nile tributaries.
  4. (transitive, rare) To burst open; explode; discharge.
    • 1821, William Shakespeare, ‎James Boswell, ‎Richard Farmer, The Plays and Poems of William Shakespeare:
      Ten thousand French have ta'en the sacrament, To rive their dangerous artillery
  5. (woodworking) To use a technique of splitting or sawing wood radially from a log (e.g. clapboards).
SynonymsEdit
TranslationsEdit
See alsoEdit

NounEdit

rive (plural rives)

  1. A place torn; a rent; a rift.
SynonymsEdit

Etymology 2Edit

NounEdit

rive (plural rives)

  1. A bank or shore.

VerbEdit

rive

  1. To land.

AnagramsEdit


DanishEdit

Etymology 1Edit

From Old Norse hrífa.

PronunciationEdit

  • IPA(key): /riːvə/, [ˈʁiːwə]

NounEdit

rive c (singular definite riven, plural indefinite river)

  1. rake
InflectionEdit

Etymology 2Edit

From Old Norse rífa, from Proto-Germanic *rīfaną.

PronunciationEdit

  • IPA(key): /riːvə/, [ˈʁiːwə]

VerbEdit

rive (imperative riv, infinitive at rive, present tense river, past tense rev, perfect tense har revet)

  1. rake
  2. grate
  3. scratch, tear, rip

FinnishEdit

EtymologyEdit

Probably from Swedish drev.

PronunciationEdit

  • IPA(key): /ˈriʋeˣ/, [ˈriʋe̞(ʔ)]
  • Hyphenation: ri‧ve

NounEdit

rive

  1. oakum, tow

DeclensionEdit

Inflection of rive (Kotus type 48/hame, no gradation)
nominative rive riveet
genitive riveen riveiden
riveitten
partitive rivettä riveitä
illative riveeseen riveisiin
riveihin
singular plural
nominative rive riveet
accusative nom. rive riveet
gen. riveen
genitive riveen riveiden
riveitten
partitive rivettä riveitä
inessive riveessä riveissä
elative riveestä riveistä
illative riveeseen riveisiin
riveihin
adessive riveellä riveillä
ablative riveeltä riveiltä
allative riveelle riveille
essive riveenä riveinä
translative riveeksi riveiksi
instructive rivein
abessive riveettä riveittä
comitative riveineen

Derived termsEdit

AnagramsEdit


FrenchEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Old French, from Latin rīpa, from Proto-Indo-European *rey- (to cut, tear, scratch).

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

rive f (plural rives)

  1. bank (of a river)

Related termsEdit

Further readingEdit

AnagramsEdit


FriulianEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Latin rīpa.

NounEdit

rive f (plural rivis)

  1. slope, ascent
  2. shore

Related termsEdit


Haitian CreoleEdit

EtymologyEdit

From French arriver (happen)

VerbEdit

rive

  1. happen

ItalianEdit

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

rive f

  1. plural of riva

AnagramsEdit


LatinEdit

NounEdit

rīve

  1. vocative singular of rīvus

ReferencesEdit


Norwegian BokmålEdit

 
Norwegian Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia no

Etymology 1Edit

From Old Norse hrífa.

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

rive f or m (definite singular riva or riven, indefinite plural river, definite plural rivene)

  1. a rake (garden and agricultural tool)

Etymology 2Edit

From Old Norse rífa.

PronunciationEdit

VerbEdit

rive (imperative riv, present tense river, passive rives, simple past rev or reiv, past participle revet, present participle rivende)

  1. to grate + av
  2. to scratch, tear, rip + av
Derived termsEdit

ReferencesEdit


Norwegian NynorskEdit

Etymology 1Edit

From Old Norse hrífa.

NounEdit

rive f (definite singular riva, indefinite plural river, definite plural rivene)

  1. a rake (garden and agricultural tool)

Etymology 2Edit

VerbEdit

rive (present tense riv, past tense reiv, past participle rive, present participle rivande, imperative riv)

  1. Alternative form of riva

ReferencesEdit