runaway

EnglishEdit

Alternative formsEdit

EtymologyEdit

run +‎ away

PronunciationEdit

  • IPA(key): /ˈɹʌnəweɪ/
    • (file)

NounEdit

runaway (plural runaways)

  1. A person or animal that runs away or has run away; a person, animal, or organization that escapes captivity or restrictions.
    Runaway children are vulnerable to criminal exploitation.
    • c. 1595–1596, William Shakespeare, “A Midsommer Nights Dreame”, in Mr. William Shakespeares Comedies, Histories, & Tragedies: Published According to the True Originall Copies (First Folio), London: [] Isaac Iaggard, and Ed[ward] Blount, published 1623, OCLC 606515358, [Act III, scene ii]:
      Thou runaway, thou coward, art thou fled?
    • 1556, Ralph Robinson, Utopia: originally printed in Latin, 1516, translation of original by Sir Thomas More, page 96:
      If any man of his owne heade and without leaue, walke out of his precint and boundes, taken without the princes letters, he is broughte againe for a fugitiue or a runaway with great shame and rebuke, and is sharpely punished.
  2. A vehicle (especially, a train) that is out of control.
    • 1850, “The Romance of the Electric Telegraph”, in New monthly magazine, volume 41:
      On New Year's Day, 1850, a catastrophe, which it is fearful to contemplate, was averted by the aid of the telegraph. A collision had occurred to an empty train at Gravesend; and the driver having leaped from his engine, the latter started alone at full speed to London. Notice was immediately given by telegraph to London and other stations; and while the line was kept clear, an engine and other arrangements were prepared as a buttress to receive the runaway.
    • 1886, John H. Cooper, “Handling Grain in California”, in Transactions, American Society of Mechanical Engineers, volume 7:
      Runaways are rendered impossible, as the machine can be instantly stopped by means of a double brake connected with the driver's seat
    • 1897, Editor American Machinist, “Runaway Engines and Governors”, in American machinist:
      We hear many ideas advanced as to the cause of engines running away, more especially in electric stations, while the wonder is that the runaways are so few.
  3. (usually attributive) An object or process that is out of control or out of equilibrium.
    • 1989, Gerald Appel, Winning market systems:
      On the chart, the start of a runaway is marked by a box
    • 1993 June 15, CIO, volume 6, number 14, page 26:
      An IS executive's worst nightmare, such runaways are a fact of life. Practically all large companies and organizations have experienced a runaway or are wrestling with a seriously botched project.
    • 2000, F. Matteucci; Franco Giovannelli, The evolution of the Milky Way, page 142:
      The standard X-ray binary Cyg Xl, with a massive BH candidate, is a runaway, This could suggest that a SN explosion occurred. Cluster ejection to make a runaway can not be excluded although in the case of Cyg Xl, the progenitor runaway must have been a binary
    • 2008, Francis Stoessel, Thermal safety of chemical processes, page 257:
      Where practicable, this passive measure reduces the consequences of a runaway.
  4. The act of running away, especially of a horse or teams.
    • 2012, John H. White, Jr., Wet Britches and Muddy Boots (page 171)
      The drivers were generally boys [] They would stop the team when other boats passed and at locks while waiting for the water to rise or fall. They could also be useful in preventing or stopping runaways. Horses were easily startled and might bolt off the tow path or into the canal itself.
  5. An overwhelming victory.
    The home side won in a runaway.

TranslationsEdit

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AdjectiveEdit

runaway (comparative more runaway, superlative most runaway)

  1. Having run away; escaped; fugitive
    a runaway thief
    1. (of a horse or other animal) having escaped from the control of the rider or driver
      a runaway donkey
    2. Pertaining to or accomplished by running away or eloping
      a runaway marriage
  2. Easily won, as a contest
    a runaway victory at the polls
  3. unchecked; rampant
    runaway prices
  4. (informal) deserting or revolting against one's group, duties, expected conduct, or the like, especially to establish or join a rival group, change one's life drastically, etc.
    The runaway delegates nominated their own candidate.

TranslationsEdit

ReferencesEdit

Related termsEdit