- Plural possessive marker, indicating than an object belongs to the plural noun phrase bearing the marker.
- Chris’s heart leapt when she saw the expressions on her teachers’ faces. (the teacher + s’)
Traditionally, the possessives of classical and Biblical names ending in s, such as Archimedes and Jesus, are written without a final “s”.
This can lead to confusion, especially in print, since in this case, s’ it is not indicating a plural noun.
- Archimedes’ Principle
- Jesus’ disciples
- This is Jesus Ramirez, and this is Jesus’s wife.
Please see also Usage notes for ’s for further clarification.
- Contraction of es.
- elision of si “if” before il or ils
- S’il vous plaît. - Please. or Here you are.
- Je ne sais pas s’ils viendront demain. - I don’t know if they will come tomorrow.
s’ (third person)
- elision of se before a word beginning with a vowel.
- Il s’habille. - He’s dressing (himself).
- Il s’aime. - He loves himself.
- Ils s’aiment. - They love themselves. or They love each other.
- (informal) elision of se before a word beginning with a consonant.
- Y s’bouge le cul ou quoi? - Is he movin’ his ass or what?