sacrifice

EnglishEdit

 
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EtymologyEdit

Borrowed from Old French sacrifice, from Latin sacrificium (sacrifice), from sacrificō (make or offer a sacrifice), from sacer (sacred, holy) + faciō (do, make).

PronunciationEdit

  • IPA(key): /ˈsækɹɪfaɪs/
  • (file)

VerbEdit

sacrifice (third-person singular simple present sacrifices, present participle sacrificing, simple past and past participle sacrificed)

  1. (transitive, intransitive) To offer (something) as a gift to a deity.
  2. (transitive) To give away (something valuable) to get at least a possibility of gaining something else of value (such as self-respect, trust, love, freedom, prosperity), or to avoid an even greater loss.
    Venison has many advantages over meat from factory farms, although it still requires a hunter to sacrifice the life of a deer.
    • 1960 February, R. C. Riley, “The London-Birmingham services - Past, Present and Future”, in Trains Illustrated, page 99:
      To do the job thoroughly sentiment must be ignored and it seems inevitable that the famous Great Hall and the Doric Arch will have to be sacrificed to progress.
    • 1964, Holland-Dozier-Holland, Baby Don’t You Do It (Marvin Gaye)
      Don’t you break my heart / ’Cause I sacrifice to make you happy.
    • “God sacrificed His only begotten Son, so that all people might have eternal life.” (a paraphrase of John 3:16)
    • 1718, Matthew Prior, Solomon on the Vanity of the World
      Condemned to sacrifice his childish years / To babbling ignorance, and to empty fears.
    • 1857, George Eliot, s:Scenes of Clerical Life
      The Baronet had sacrificed a large sum [] for the sake of [] making this boy his heir.
  3. (transitive) To trade (a value of higher worth) for something of lesser worth in order to gain something else valued more, such as an ally or business relationship, or to avoid an even greater loss; to sell without profit to gain something other than money.
    • 1957, Ayn Rand, Atlas Shrugged
      If you exchange a penny for a dollar, it is not a sacrifice; if you exchange a dollar for a penny, it is.
  4. (transitive, chess) To intentionally give up (a piece) in order to improve one’s position on the board.
  5. (transitive, baseball) To advance (a runner on base) by batting the ball so it can be caught or fielded, placing the batter out, but with insufficient time to put the runner out.
  6. (dated, tradesmen's slang) To sell at a price less than the cost or actual value.
  7. To destroy; to kill.
    (Can we find and add a quotation of Johnson to this entry?)

SynonymsEdit

Derived termsEdit

TranslationsEdit

The translations below need to be checked and inserted above into the appropriate translation tables, removing any numbers. Numbers do not necessarily match those in definitions. See instructions at Wiktionary:Entry layout § Translations.

NounEdit

sacrifice (countable and uncountable, plural sacrifices)

  1. The offering of anything to a god; a consecratory rite.
  2. The destruction or surrender of anything for the sake of something else; the devotion of something desirable to something higher, or to a calling deemed more pressing.
    the sacrifice of one's spare time in order to volunteer
    1. (baseball) A play in which the batter is intentionally out so that one or more runners can advance around the bases.
  3. Something sacrificed.
  4. A loss of profit.
  5. (slang, dated) A sale at a price less than the cost or the actual value.

TranslationsEdit


FrenchEdit

EtymologyEdit

Borrowed from Latin sacrificium.

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

sacrifice m (plural sacrifices)

  1. sacrifice

Related termsEdit

Further readingEdit


LatinEdit

AdjectiveEdit

sacrifice

  1. vocative masculine singular of sacrificus

RomanianEdit

PronunciationEdit

VerbEdit

sacrifice

  1. third-person singular present subjunctive of sacrifica
  2. third-person plural present subjunctive of sacrifica