Open main menu

Contents

AsturianEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Latin servīre, present active infinitive of serviō.

VerbEdit

servir

  1. to serve

Related termsEdit


CatalanEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Old Occitan servir, from Latin servīre, present active infinitive of serviō.

PronunciationEdit

VerbEdit

servir (first-person singular present serveixo, past participle servit)

  1. to serve
  2. to be useful

ConjugationEdit

Derived termsEdit

Related termsEdit

Further readingEdit


FrenchEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Middle French servir, from Old French servir, from Latin servīre, present active infinitive of serviō.

PronunciationEdit

  • IPA(key): /sɛʁ.viʁ/
  • (file)

VerbEdit

servir

  1. to serve (to bring a meal to someone)
  2. to be used for
  3. (transitive with à) to be useful for someone, to be of use, come in handy
  4. (sports) to serve (start a point with service)
  5. (sports) to set up (pass to, in order to give a scoring chance)
  6. (reflexive) to help oneself, to serve oneself
  7. (reflexive, transitive with de) to use, make use of

ConjugationEdit

This is one of a fairly large group of irregular -ir verbs that are all conjugated the same way. Other members of this group include sortir and dormir. The most significant difference between these verbs' conjugation and that of the regular -ir verbs is that these verbs' conjugation does not use the infix -iss-. Further, this conjugation has the forms (je, tu) sers and (il) sert in the present indicative and imperative, whereas a regular -ir verb would have *servis and *servit (as in the past historic).

This is one of a fairly large group of irregular -ir verbs that are all conjugated the same way. Other members of this group include sortir and dormir. The most significant difference between these verbs' conjugation and that of the regular -ir verbs is that these verbs' conjugation does not use the infix -iss-. Further, this conjugation has the forms (je, tu) sers and (il) sert in the present indicative and imperative, whereas a regular -ir verb would have *servis and *servit (as in the past historic).

This is one of a fairly large group of irregular -ir verbs that are all conjugated the same way. Other members of this group include sortir and dormir. The most significant difference between these verbs' conjugation and that of the regular -ir verbs is that these verbs' conjugation does not use the infix -iss-. Further, this conjugation has the forms (je, tu) sers and (il) sert in the present indicative and imperative, whereas a regular -ir verb would have *servis and *servit (as in the past historic).

Related termsEdit

Further readingEdit


InterlinguaEdit

PronunciationEdit

VerbEdit

servir

  1. to serve

ConjugationEdit


ItalianEdit

VerbEdit

servir

  1. Apocopic form of servire

Middle FrenchEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Old French servir, from Latin servīre, present active infinitive of serviō.

VerbEdit

servir

  1. to serve (act as a servant or a vassal)

DescendantsEdit


OccitanEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Old Occitan servir, from Latin servīre, present active infinitive of serviō.

PronunciationEdit

VerbEdit

servir

  1. to serve
  2. to be useful

ConjugationEdit

Related termsEdit


Old FrenchEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Latin servīre, present active infinitive of serviō.

VerbEdit

servir

  1. to serve (act as a servant or a vassal)

ConjugationEdit

This verb conjugates as a third-group verb. Old French conjugation varies significantly by date and by region. The following conjugation should be treated as a guide.

Related termsEdit

DescendantsEdit


Old OccitanEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Latin servīre, present active infinitive of serviō.

VerbEdit

servir

  1. to serve (act as a servant or a vassal)

DescendantsEdit


PortugueseEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Old Portuguese servir, from Latin servīre, present active infinitive of serviō.

PronunciationEdit

VerbEdit

servir (first-person singular present indicative sirvo, past participle servido)

  1. (transitive) to serve (to work as a servant for someone)
  2. (religion, transitive) to serve (to worship a god)
  3. (transitive) to serve (to give out or place down food or drink)
  4. (intransitive, or transitive with em) to serve (to be part of an armed force)
    Servi dois anos na Legião Estrangeira.I served for two years in the Foreign Legion.
  5. (intransitive) to suffice; to do (to be good enough for a task)
    Esse martelo é ruim mas serve.This hammer is bad but it will do.
  6. (subordinating, transitive with para) to be for (to have as its purpose or utility)
    Martelos servem para as pessoas baterem pregos.Hammers are for people to hit nails with.

ConjugationEdit

QuotationsEdit

For quotations of use of this term, see Citations:servir.

Related termsEdit


SpanishEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Latin servīre, present active infinitive of serviō.

PronunciationEdit

  • IPA(key): /serˈbiɾ/, [serˈβiɾ]

VerbEdit

servir (first-person singular present sirvo, first-person singular preterite serví, past participle servido)

  1. (intransitive, transitive) to serve (to be a servant or worker; to render service)
    Es una empresa que sirve a los discapacitados.
    It's a business that serves the disabled.
  2. (intransitive, transitive) to serve (to be a servant for; to work for)
  3. (intransitive) to be of use, to be good for
    Hace diez años, la traducción automática no servía.
    Ten years ago, automated translation was no good.
    Este cuchillo sirve para cortar el pan.
    This knife is good for cutting bread.
  4. (intransitive) to serve (to usefully take the place of something else)
    sirve como recordatorioserves as a reminder
  5. (intransitive) to serve (to be in military service)
  6. (intransitive, transitive) to serve (to set down (food or drink) on the table to be eaten)
    El camarero nos sirvió la comida de otra mesa.
    The waiter served us another table's food.
  7. (intransitive, sports) to serve (to lead off with the first delivery over the net in tennis, volleyball, ping pong, badminton, etc.)
    Synonym: sacar
  8. (reflexive, with de) to help oneself to (to take something freely)

ConjugationEdit

  • Rule: e weakens to i in certain conjugations.

Related termsEdit

Further readingEdit


VenetianEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Latin servīre, present active infinitive of serviō. Compare Italian servire.

VerbEdit

servir

  1. (transitive, intransitive) to serve

ConjugationEdit

  • Venetian conjugation varies from one region to another. Hence, the following conjugation should be considered as typical, not as exhaustive.