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From Middle English schoven, shoven, schouven, from Old English scūfan, from Proto-Germanic *skeubaną (compare West Frisian skowe, Low German schuven, Dutch schuiven, German schieben, Danish skubbe, Norwegian Bokmål skyve, Norwegian Nynorsk skuva), from Proto-Indo-European *skeubʰ- (compare Lithuanian skùbti ‘to hurry’, Polish skubać ‘to pluck’, Albanian humb ‘to lose’).



shove (third-person singular simple present shoves, present participle shoving, simple past shoved or (obsolete) shave, past participle shoved or (obsolete) shoven)

  1. (transitive) To push, especially roughly or with force.
    • 1913, Joseph C. Lincoln, chapter 12, in Mr. Pratt's Patients:
      So, after a spell, he decided to make the best of it and shoved us into the front parlor. 'Twas a dismal sort of place, with hair wreaths, and wax fruit, and tin lambrekins, and land knows what all
    • Thomas Malory
      The ship was anon shoven in the sea.
  2. (intransitive) To move off or along by an act of pushing, as with an oar or pole used in a boat; sometimes with off.
    • Garth
      He grasped the oar, received his guests on board, and shoved from shore.
  3. (poker, by ellipsis) To make an all-in bet.
  4. (slang) To pass (counterfeit money).

Derived termsEdit



shove (plural shoves)

  1. A rough push.
    • Jonathan Swift
      I rested [] and then gave the boat another shove.
  2. (poker slang) An all-in bet.
  3. A forward movement of packed river-ice.

Derived termsEdit