EnglishEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Middle English shrift (confession to a priest; act or instance of this; sacrament of penance; penance assigned by a priest; penitence, repentance; punishment for sin) [and other forms],[1] from Late Old English scryft, Old English sċrift (penance, shrift; something prescribed as punishment, penalty; one who passes sentence, a judge), from sċrīfan (of a priest: to prescribe absolution or penance; to pass judgment, ordain, prescribe; to appoint, decree) (whence shrive),[2] from Proto-Germanic *skrībaną (to write), from Latin scrībō (to write), ultimately from Proto-Indo-European *(s)kreybʰ- (to scratch, tear).

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

shrift (countable and uncountable, plural shrifts)

  1. The act of going to or hearing a religious confession.
  2. Confession to a priest.
  3. (obsolete) Forgiveness given by a priest after confession; remission.
    • circa 1594 CE: William Shakespeare, Romeo and Juliet
      [Friar:] Be plain, good son, and homely in thy drift. / Riddling confession finds but riddling shrift.

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TranslationsEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ shrift, n.”, in MED Online, Ann Arbor, Mich.: University of Michigan, 2007.
  2. ^ Compare “shrift, n.”, in OED Online  , Oxford, Oxfordshire: Oxford University Press, 1914; “shrift, n.”, in Lexico, Dictionary.com; Oxford University Press, 2019–present; “shrive, v.”, in OED Online  , Oxford, Oxfordshire: Oxford University Press, 1914; “shrive, v.”, in Lexico, Dictionary.com; Oxford University Press, 2019–present.

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