shuttle

EnglishEdit

 
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A weaving shuttle.

EtymologyEdit

From a merger of two words:

The name for a loom weaving instrument, recorded from 1338, is from a sense of being "shot" across the threads. The back-and-forth imagery inspired the extension to "passenger trains" in 1895, aircraft in 1942, and spacecraft in 1969, as well as older terms such as shuttlecock.

PronunciationEdit

  • (US) IPA(key): /ˈʃʌtəl/
  • (file)
  • Rhymes: -ʌtəl

NounEdit

shuttle (plural shuttles)

  1. (weaving) A tool used to carry the woof back and forth between the warp threads on a loom.
    • 1611, The Holy Bible, [] (King James Version), London: [] Robert Barker, [], OCLC 964384981, Job 7:6:
      My dayes are ſwifter then a weauers ſhuttle, and are ſpent without hope.
    • 1638, George Sandys, "A Paraphrase upon Job":
      Like shuttles through the loom, so swiftly glide
      My feather'd hours, and all my hopes deride!.
    • 2013 November 11, Claus-Dieter Brauns, “Food and Clothing”, in Mru: Hill People on the Border of Bangladesh[1], Basel: Birkhäuser, page 131:
      By placing the sword edgewise, the weaver keeps the countershed open, in order to shoot through the shuttle.
  2. The sliding thread holder in a sewing machine, which carries the lower thread through a loop of the upper thread, to make a lock stitch.
  3. A transport service (such as a bus or train) that goes back and forth between two or more places.
    The shuttle bus runs to the airport on a half-hourly basis form the central station.
    • 2012, Andrew Martin, Underground Overground: A passenger's history of the Tube, Profile Books, →ISBN, pages 76, 77:
      And until December 2010 the northern stretch of the 'Extension' featured a charming side-show: the Chesham Shuttle. [...] But the people of Chesham moaned about the shuttle: the waiting room at Chalfont & Latimer was too hot, or too cold; there were leaves on the line. [...] On 12 Dec 2010 the shuttle ceased operations and Metropolitan trains began to terminate at both Amersham and Chesham.
  4. Such a transport vehicle; a shuttle bus; a space shuttle.
    • 2004, Dawn of the Dead, 1:14:20:
      You're saying we take the parking shuttles, reinforce them with aluminum siding and then head to the gun store where our friend Andy plays some cowboy-movie, jump-on-the-wagon bullshit.
  5. Any other item that moves repeatedly back and forth between two positions, possibly transporting something else with it between those points (such as, in chemistry, a molecular shuttle).
  6. A shuttlecock.
  7. A shutter, as for a channel for molten metal.

Usage notesEdit

In its original sense, a shuttle goes back and forth between two places. The term is also used in a broader sense for short-haul transport that may be one-way or have multiple stops (including shared ride or loop), particularly for airport buses; compare loose usage of limousine.

Derived termsEdit

DescendantsEdit

  • Dutch: shuttle
  • Italian: shuttle
  • Japanese: シャトル (shatoru)

TranslationsEdit

VerbEdit

shuttle (third-person singular simple present shuttles, present participle shuttling, simple past and past participle shuttled)

  1. (intransitive) To go back and forth between two places.
  2. (transitive) To transport by shuttle or by means of a shuttle service.
    Synonym: chauffeur
    Guests can be shuttled to a from the hotel for no extra cost.

TranslationsEdit

AnagramsEdit


DutchEdit

EtymologyEdit

Borrowed from English shuttle.

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

shuttle m (plural shuttles, diminutive shuttletje n)

  1. A space shuttle.
  2. A shuttlecock, shuttle.
    Synonyms: pluimbal, vederbal
  3. A shuttle bus.

ItalianEdit

EtymologyEdit

From English shuttle.

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

shuttle m (invariable)

  1. space shuttle

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ shuttle in Luciano Canepari, Dizionario di Pronuncia Italiana (DiPI)