From Middle English sikel (also assibilated in sichel), from Old English sicol, siċel, from Proto-Germanic *sikilō (“ploughshare”), of uncertain origin. Possibly a borrowing from Latin sēcula (“sickle”) or sīcīlis (“sickle”); itself from Proto-Albanian *tsikā, or, alternatively derived as a diminutive of Proto-Germanic *seką (“ploughshare”), from Proto-Indo-European *seg-, a variant of Proto-Indo-European *sek- (“to cut”).
Cognate with West Frisian systel, sisel, sizel (“sickle”), Dutch sikkel (“sickle”), German Sichel (“sickle”). Related also to West Frisian sichte (“sickle”), Dutch zicht (“sickle”), German Low German Sichte, Sicht (“sickle”), German Sech (“the blade of a sickle or scythe”).
- IPA(key): /ˈsɪkl̩/
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- Rhymes: -ɪkəl
- Hyphenation: sic‧kle
sickle (plural sickles)
- (agriculture) An implement having a semicircular blade and short handle, used for cutting long grass and cereal crops.
- Any of the sickle-shaped middle feathers of the domestic cock.
- (agriculture, transitive) To cut with a sickle.
- (transitive) To deform (as with a red blood cell) into an abnormal crescent shape.
- (intransitive) Of red blood cells: to assume an abnormal crescent shape.
- (transitive: to deform): sickler
- Shaped like the blade of a sickle; crescent-shaped.
- a sickle moon
- The translations below need to be checked and inserted above into the appropriate translation tables, removing any numbers. Numbers do not necessarily match those in definitions. See instructions at Wiktionary:Entry layout § Translations.