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See also: Sinus and sinüs

Contents

EnglishEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Latin sinus.

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

 
English Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia

sinus (plural sinuses)

  1. (anatomy) A pouch or cavity in any organ or tissue, especially the paranasal sinus.
  2. (botany) A notch or depression between two lobes or teeth in the margin of an organ.
  3. (pathology) An abnormal cavity or passage such as a fistula, caused by the destruction of tissue.
  4. A bay of the sea; a recess in the shore.

Derived termsEdit

TranslationsEdit

AnagramsEdit


CatalanEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Latin sinus.

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

sinus m (plural sinus)

  1. sine

Derived termsEdit

See alsoEdit

Further readingEdit


CzechEdit

NounEdit

sinus m

  1. (trigonometry) sine

Related termsEdit


DanishEdit

NounEdit

sinus c (singular definite sinussen, plural indefinite sinusser)

  1. (geometry) sine

DutchEdit

PronunciationEdit

  • (file)
  • Hyphenation: si‧nus

Etymology 1Edit

 
Dutch Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia nl

From Latin sinus.

NounEdit

sinus m (plural sinussen, diminutive sinusje n)

  1. (trigonometry) sine

Etymology 2Edit

From Latin sinus.

NounEdit

sinus m (plural sinussen, diminutive sinusje n)

  1. sinus

FrenchEdit

EtymologyEdit

Unadapted borrowing from Latin sinus. Compare the inherited doublet sein.

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

sinus m (plural sinus)

  1. (anatomy) sinus
  2. (trigonometry) sine

See alsoEdit

Further readingEdit


LatinEdit

Etymology 1Edit

Of Proto-Indo-European [Term?] origin; akin to Albanian gji ‘breast, bosom’.[1]

The mathematical sense ‘chord of an arc, sine’ was introduced in the 12th century by Gherardo of Cremona as a semantic loan from Arabic جَيْب (jayb, chord, sine) (ultimately a loan from Sanskrit ज्या (jyā, bowstring)) by confusion with جَيْب (jayb, bosom, fold in a garment).

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

sinus m (genitive sinūs); fourth declension

  1. a hollow, cavity
  2. curve, fold, winding
  3. gulf, bay
  4. bosom
  5. fold of the toga over the breast, pocket, lap
  6. heart, secret feelings
  7. (Medieval, mathematics) chord of an arc, sine
InflectionEdit

Fourth declension.

Case Singular Plural
nominative sinus sinūs
genitive sinūs sinuum
dative sinuī sinibus
accusative sinum sinūs
ablative sinū sinibus
vocative sinus sinūs
SynonymsEdit
Derived termsEdit
Related termsEdit
DescendantsEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Michiel de Vaan, Etymological Dictionary of Latin and the Other Italic Languages (Leiden: Brill, 2008), 567.

Etymology 2Edit

From Proto-Indo-European *sh₁ih₂sno-, deverbative of *seh₁y- ‘to sift, strain’ (compare Ancient Greek ἠθέω (ēthéō), Lithuanian sijóti, Serbo-Croatian sȉjati).[1]

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

sīnus m (genitive sīnī); second declension

  1. a large bowl
InflectionEdit

Second declension.

Case Singular Plural
nominative sīnus sīnī
genitive sīnī sīnōrum
dative sīnō sīnīs
accusative sīnum sīnōs
ablative sīnō sīnīs
vocative sīne sīnī
Alternative formsEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Douglas Q. Adams, “Sieve”, in Encyclopedia of Indo-European Culture, eds. J. P. Mallory & D. Q. Adams (London: Fitzroy Dearborn, 1997), 518.

Further readingEdit

  • sinus in Charlton T. Lewis and Charles Short (1879) A Latin Dictionary, Oxford: Clarendon Press
  • sinus in Charlton T. Lewis (1891) An Elementary Latin Dictionary, New York: Harper & Brothers
  • sinus in Charles du Fresne du Cange’s Glossarium Mediæ et Infimæ Latinitatis (augmented edition, 1883–1887)
  • sinus in Gaffiot, Félix (1934) Dictionnaire Illustré Latin-Français, Hachette
  • Carl Meissner; Henry William Auden (1894) Latin Phrase-Book[1], London: Macmillan and Co.
    • the heart of the city: sinus urbis (Sall. Cat. 52. 35)
    • the city is situate on a bay: urbs in sinu sita est
    • to rejoice in secret: in sinu gaudere (Tusc. 3. 21. 51)
    • to love and make a bosom friend of a person: aliquem in sinu gestare (aliquis est in sinu alicuius) (Ter. Ad. 4. 5. 75)
    • (ambiguous) to be driven into the arms of philosophy: in sinum philosophiae compelli
  • sinus in Harry Thurston Peck, editor (1898) Harper's Dictionary of Classical Antiquities, New York: Harper & Brothers
  • sinus in William Smith, editor (1854, 1857) A Dictionary of Greek and Roman Geography, volume 1 & 2, London: Walton and Maberly

Northern SamiEdit

PronunciationEdit

  This entry needs pronunciation information. If you are familiar with the IPA then please add some!

NounEdit

sinus

  1. locative singular of sitnu

Norwegian BokmålEdit

 
Norwegian Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia no

EtymologyEdit

From Latin sinus.

NounEdit

sinus m (definite singular sinusen, indefinite plural sinuser, definite plural sinusene)

  1. (trigonometry) sine
  2. (anatomy) sinus

Related termsEdit

ReferencesEdit


Norwegian NynorskEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Latin sinus.

NounEdit

sinus m (definite singular sinusen, indefinite plural sinusar, definite plural sinusane)

  1. (trigonometry) sine
  2. (anatomy) sinus

Related termsEdit

ReferencesEdit


PolishEdit

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

sinus m inan

  1. sine

DeclensionEdit

Derived termsEdit


RomanianEdit

EtymologyEdit

From French sinus

NounEdit

sinus n (plural sinusuri)

  1. sine (trigonometric function)

VepsEdit

PronounEdit

sinus

  1. inessive of sinä