slumber

EnglishEdit

 
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Alternative formsEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Middle English slombren, slomren, frequentative of Middle English slummen, slumen (to doze), probably from Middle English slume (slumber), from Old English slūma, from Proto-Germanic *slūm- (slack, loose, limp, flabby), from Proto-Indo-European *(s)lew- (loose, limp, flabby), equivalent to sloom +‎ -er. Cognate with West Frisian slommerje, slûmerje (to slumber), Dutch sluimeren (to slumber), German schlummern (to slumber, doze). Non-Germanic cognates include Albanian gjumë (sleep).

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

slumber (plural slumbers)

  1. A very light state of sleep, almost awake.
    • (Can we date this quote by John Bunyan and provide title, author's full name, and other details?)
      He at last fell into a slumber, and thence into a fast sleep, which detained him in that place until it was almost night.
    • 1599, William Shakespeare, “The Tragedie of Ivlivs Cæsar”, in Mr. William Shakespeares Comedies, Histories, & Tragedies: Published According to the True Originall Copies (First Folio), London: Printed by Isaac Iaggard, and Ed[ward] Blount, published 1623, OCLC 606515358, [Act II, scene i]:
      Fast asleep? It is no matter; / Enjoy the honey-heavy dew of slumber.
    • (Can we date this quote by John Dryden and provide title, author's full name, and other details?)
      Rest to my soul, and slumber to my eyes.
  2. (figuratively) A state of ignorance or inaction.
    • 2009, Ben-Ami Scharfstein, Art without borders: a philosophical exploration of art and humanity
      Marcel Duchamp's urinal and readymades seemed in the beginning to be insider jokes or jokelike paradoxes meant to awaken people from their aesthetic slumbers.

Derived termsEdit

TranslationsEdit

VerbEdit

slumber (third-person singular simple present slumbers, present participle slumbering, simple past and past participle slumbered)

  1. (intransitive) To be in a very light state of sleep, almost awake.
    • Bible, Psalms cxxi. 4
      He that keepeth Israel shall neither slumber nor sleep.
  2. (intransitive) To be inactive or negligent.
  3. (transitive, obsolete) To lay to sleep.
    (Can we find and add a quotation of Wotton to this entry?)
  4. (transitive, obsolete) To stun; to stupefy.
    (Can we find and add a quotation of Spenser to this entry?)

TranslationsEdit

See alsoEdit

AnagramsEdit