- soc. (abbreviation)
1530s; borrowed from Middle French societé, from Old French societé, from Latin societās, societātem (“fellowship, association, alliance, union, community”), from socius (“associated, allied; partner, companion, ally”), from Proto-Indo-European *sokʷ-yo- (“companion”), from Proto-Indo-European *sekʷ- (“to follow”).
society (countable and uncountable, plural societies)
- (countable) A long-standing group of people sharing cultural aspects such as language, dress, norms of behavior and artistic forms.
- This society has been known for centuries for its colorful clothing and tight-knit family structure.
- 2012 March-April, John T. Jost, “Social Justice: Is It in Our Nature (and Our Future)?”, in American Scientist, volume 100, number 2, page 162:
- He draws eclectically on studies of baboons, descriptive anthropological accounts of hunter-gatherer societies and, in a few cases, the fossil record.
- (countable) A group of people who meet from time to time to engage in a common interest; an association or organization.
- It was then that they decided to found a society of didgeridoo-playing unicyclists.
- 1892, Walter Besant, chapter III, in The Ivory Gate […], New York, N.Y.: Harper & Brothers, […], →OCLC:
- At half-past nine on this Saturday evening, the parlour of the Salutation Inn, High Holborn, contained most of its customary visitors. […] In former days every tavern of repute kept such a room for its own select circle, a club, or society, of habitués, who met every evening, for a pipe and a cheerful glass.
- (countable) The sum total of all voluntary interrelations between individuals.
- The gap between Western and Eastern societies seems to be narrowing.
- 2013 August 10, Schumpeter, “Cronies and capitols”, in The Economist, volume 408, number 8848:
- Policing the relationship between government and business in a free society is difficult. Businesspeople have every right to lobby governments, and civil servants to take jobs in the private sector.
- (uncountable) The people of one’s country or community taken as a whole.
- Our global society develops in fits and starts.
- 2006, Edwin Black, chapter 1, in Internal Combustion:
- If successful, Edison and Ford—in 1914—would move society away from the ever more expensive and then universally known killing hazards of gasoline cars: […].
- 2012 January 1, Steven Sloman, “The Battle Between Intuition and Deliberation”, in American Scientist, volume 100, number 1, page 74:
- Libertarian paternalism is the view that, because the way options are presented to citizens affects what they choose, society should present options in a way that “nudges” our intuitive selves to make choices that are more consistent with what our more deliberative selves would have chosen if they were in control.
- (uncountable) High society.
- Smith was first introduced into society at the Duchess of Grand Fenwick's annual rose garden party.
- 1813, Jane Austen, Pride and Prejudice:
- "What a charming amusement for young people this is, Mr. Darcy! There is nothing like dancing after all. I consider it as one of the first refinements of polished society."
- (countable, law) A number of people joined by mutual consent to deliberate, determine and act toward a common goal.
group of people sharing culture
group of persons who meet from time to time to engage in a common interest
people of one’s country or community as a whole
high society — see high society
- ^ Douglas Harper (2001–2023), “society”, in Online Etymology Dictionary.
- "society" in Raymond Williams, Keywords (revised), 1983, Fontana Press, page 291.