spikenard

EnglishEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Middle English spikenard, spikenarde, from Anglo-Norman spicanarde, from Medieval Latin spīca nardī, from Latin spica (spike) +‎ nardi (nard). Equivalent to spike +‎ nard.

PronunciationEdit

  • IPA(key): /ˈspaɪknɑː(ɹ)d/
  • IPA(key): /ˈspɪknɑːɹd/, /ˈspɪknæɹd/, /ˈspɪknəɹd/[1]

NounEdit

spikenard (countable and uncountable, plural spikenards)

  1. A perfumed ointment, extracted from the plant Nardostachys jatamansi that belongs to the Valerian family and grows in the Himalayas.[2]
  2. The plant Nardostachys jatamansi (syn. Nardostachys grandiflora).
  3. {{taxlink|Lavandula stoechas|species, another species used in antiquity to produce an aromatic oil.
  4. Any plant of the genus Aralia of the Araliaceae family.
  5. False spikenard (Maianthemum racemosum, syn. Smilacina racemosa)
  6. Ploughman's spikenard (Inula conyza, now Pentanema conyzae).
  7. Wild spikenard (Asarum europaeum).

Derived termsEdit

TranslationsEdit

The translations below need to be checked and inserted above into the appropriate translation tables. See instructions at Wiktionary:Entry layout § Translations.

Further readingEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Jespersen, Otto (1909) A Modern English Grammar on Historical Principles (Germanischer Elementar- und Handbücher; 9)‎[1], volume I: Sounds and Spellings, London: George Allen & Unwin, published 1961, § 4.35, page 124.
  2. ^ spikenard at OneLook Dictionary Search

AnagramsEdit


Middle EnglishEdit

Alternative formsEdit

EtymologyEdit

Borrowed from Anglo-Norman spicanarde, from Medieval Latin spīca nardī.

PronunciationEdit

  • IPA(key): /ˈspik(ə)nard/, /ˈspik(ə)ˌnard(ə)/

NounEdit

spikenard (uncountable)

  1. Nard (Nardostachys jatamansi) or a similar plant.
    Synonym: narde

DescendantsEdit

  • English: spikenard

ReferencesEdit