See also: Spiritualism
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- (philosophy) A doctrine, opposing materialism, that claims transcendency of the divine being, the altogether spiritual character of reality and the value of inwardness of consciousness.
- A belief that the dead communicate with the living, especially through a medium. Used in a broader sense than spiritism/Kardecism, in which followers specifically believe in Allan Kardec's Spiritist Codification, a series of books that contain additional moral and other teachings.
- The quality or state of being spiritual.
the philosophic doctrine, opposing materialism
the belief that the dead communicate with the living through mediums