Contents

IcelandicEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Old Norse steinn(stone), from Proto-Norse ᛊᛏᚨᛁᚾᚨᛉ(stainaz), from Proto-Germanic *stainaz(stone). Cognate with English stone, German Stein, Dutch steen, Danish sten, Norwegian Bokmål sten, Norwegian Nynorsk stein, Swedish sten, Faroese steinur, West Frisian stien, Low German Steen. Ultimately from Proto-Indo-European *stāi-(something hard).

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

steinn m ‎(genitive singular steins, nominative plural steinar)

  1. stone, rock
  2. stone, pit, pip (the seed of certain fruit)
  3. (medicine) a calculus, a stone

DeclensionEdit

Derived termsEdit

AnagramsEdit


Old NorseEdit

PronunciationEdit

  • (12th century Icelandic) IPA(key): /ˈstɛinː/

EtymologyEdit

From Proto-Norse ᛊᛏᚨᛁᚾᚨᛉ(stainaz), from Proto-Germanic *stainaz(stone). Cognate with Old English stān, Old Frisian stēn, Old Saxon stēn, Old High German stein, Gothic 𐍃𐍄𐌰𐌹𐌽𐍃(stains).
Ultimately from Pre-Germanic *stoyh₂nos, o-grade of Proto-Indo-European *steyh₂-(to stiffen).

NounEdit

steinn m (genitive steins, plural steinar)

  1. a stone, boulder, rock
    • Barlaams Saga 169, in 1851, R. Keyser, C. R. Unger, Barlaams ok Josaphats saga. Christiania, page 167:
      [] meistara a stein gullsmiða eða tresmiða eða annarra hagleiksmanna. []
      [] master of stone or goldsmith or carpenter or any other crasftsman, []
  2. a precious stone
    • Óláfs saga helga 46, in 1829, Þ. Guðmundsson, C. C. Rafn, Þ. Helgason, Fornmanna sögur, Volume IV. Copenhagen, page 75:
      [] ok bitullinn var settr dýrum steinum.
      [] and the bridle was inlaid with costly precious stones.
  3. (medicine) a calculus, gravel
    • Hrafns saga 4, in 1858, J. Sigurðsson, G. Vigfússon, Biskupa sögur, Volume I. Copenhagen, page 644:
      Ok síðan skar hann um endilangt með knífi, ok tók í brott tvo steina; []
      And then cut him wide open with a knife and took away two calculi; []
  4. mineral blee, colour, paint
    • Separate Saga of St. Olaf 112, in 1853, P. A. Munch, C. R. Unger, Saga Olafs konungs ens Helga. Christiania, page 124:
      [] steint beði hvitom steini oc ravðum. []
      [] bed painted with white colour and red, []
  5. a stone building, cloister, cell (especially of an anchoret)
    • Óláfs saga Tryggvasonar 75, in 1835, F. Magnússon, C. C. Rafn, Fornmanna sögur, Volume X. Copenhagen, page 373:
      [] oc valði sèr til bygþar æinn stein, []
      [] and chose a stone hermitage as an abode, []

DeclensionEdit

Derived termsEdit

DescendantsEdit

ReferencesEdit

  • steinn in Geir T. Zoëga (1910) A Concise Dictionary of Old Icelandic, Oxford: Clarendon Press
  • steinn in An Icelandic-English Dictionary, R. Cleasby and G. Vigfússon, Clarendon Press, 1874, at Internet Archive.
  • steinn in A Concise Dictionary of Old Icelandic, G. T. Zoëga, Clarendon Press, 1910, at Internet Archive.