steinn

IcelandicEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Old Norse steinn (stone), from Proto-Norse ᛊᛏᚨᛁᚾᚨᛉ (stainaz), from Proto-Germanic *stainaz (stone). Cognate with English stone, German Stein, Dutch steen, Danish sten, Norwegian Bokmål sten, Norwegian Nynorsk stein, Swedish sten, Faroese steinur, West Frisian stien, Low German Steen. Ultimately from Proto-Indo-European *stāi- (something hard).

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

steinn m (genitive singular steins, nominative plural steinar)

  1. stone, rock
  2. stone, pit, pip (the seed of certain fruit)
  3. (medicine) a calculus, a stone

DeclensionEdit

Derived termsEdit

AnagramsEdit


Old NorseEdit

PronunciationEdit

  • (12th century Icelandic) IPA(key): /ˈstɛinː/

EtymologyEdit

From Proto-Norse ᛊᛏᚨᛁᚾᚨᛉ (stainaz), from Proto-Germanic *stainaz (stone). Cognate with Old English stān, Old Frisian stēn, Old Saxon stēn, Old High German stein, Gothic 𐍃𐍄𐌰𐌹𐌽𐍃 (stains). Ultimately from Proto-Indo-European *stāi- (something hard).

NounEdit

steinn m (genitive steins, plural steinar)

  1. a stone, boulder, rock
    • Barlaams Saga 169, in 1851, R. Keyser, C. R. Unger, Barlaams ok Josaphats saga. Christiania, page 167:
      [] meistara a stein gullsmiða eða tresmiða eða annarra hagleiksmanna.
      [] master of stone or goldsmith or carpenter or any other crasftsman.
  2. a precious stone
    • Óláfs saga helga 46, in 1829, Þ. Guðmundsson, C. C. Rafn, Þ. Helgason, Fornmanna sögur, Volume IV. Copenhagen, page 75:
      [] ok bitullinn var settr dýrum steinum.
      [] and the bridle was inlaid with costly precious stones.
  3. (medicine) a calculus, gravel
    • Hrafns saga 4, in 1858, J. Sigurðsson, G. Vigfússon, Biskupa sögur, Volume I. Copenhagen, page 644:
      Ok síðan skar hann um endilangt með knífi, ok tók í brott tvo steina; []
      And then cut him wide open with a knife and took away two calculi; []
  4. mineral blee, colour, paint
    • Separate Saga of St. Olaf 112, in 1853, P. A. Munch, C. R. Unger, Saga Olafs konungs ens Helga. Christiania, page 124:
      [] steint beði hvitom steini oc ravðum []
      [] bed painted with white colour and red []
  5. a stone building, cloister, cell (especially of an anchoret)
    • Óláfs saga Tryggvasonar 75, in 1835, F. Magnússon, C. C. Rafn, Fornmanna sögur, Volume X. Copenhagen, page 373:
      [] oc valði sér til bygþar æinn stein, []
      [] and chose a stone hermitage as an abode, []

DeclensionEdit

Derived termsEdit

DescendantsEdit

  • Norwegian Bokmål: sten m
  • Norwegian Nynorsk: stein m
  • Swedish: sten c (Old Swedish sten m, Runic stæinn)

ReferencesEdit

  • steinn in An Icelandic-English Dictionary, R. Cleasby and G. Vigfússon, Clarendon Press, 1874, at Internet Archive.
  • steinn in A Concise Dictionary of Old Icelandic, G. T. Zoëga, Clarendon Press, 1910, at Internet Archive.
Last modified on 3 April 2014, at 16:00