sterben

See also: Sterben

GermanEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Middle High German sterben, from Old High German sterban, from Proto-Germanic *sterbaną, itself either from Proto-Indo-European *(s)terp- (to lose force; lose sensibility, become numb; be dead, be motionless) or from Proto-Indo-European *sterbʰ- (to be stiff, become stiff). Cognate with Low German starven, staarven, Dutch sterven, West Frisian stjerre, English starve.

PronunciationEdit

  • IPA(key): /ˈʃtɛrbən/, [ˈʃtɛʁ.bm̩], [ˈʃtɛɐ̯-], [-bən]
  • (file)
  • (file)
  • Rhymes: -ɛʁbn̩
  • Hyphenation: ster‧ben

VerbEdit

sterben (class 3 strong, third-person singular present stirbt, past tense starb, past participle gestorben, past subjunctive stürbe, auxiliary sein)

  1. (intransitive) to die
    Mein Hund ist gestorben.My dog has died.
  2. (transitive or with genitive object) to die a (particular kind of) death
    Das Opfer ist einen schrecklichen Tod gestorben.
    Das Opfer ist eines schrecklichen Todes gestorben.
    The victim died a terrible death.

ConjugationEdit

Derived termsEdit

Related termsEdit

See alsoEdit

Further readingEdit