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Etymology 1Edit

From Middle Dutch stove and/or Middle Low German stove (compare Dutch stoof), possibly from Proto-Germanic *stubō (room, living room, heated room), or borrowed from Romance. Cognate with Old High German stuba (whence German Stube), Old English stofa, stofu (bathroom, bathhouse), Old Norse stofa (whence Icelandic stofa (living room), Norwegian stove, Danish and Norwegian stue and Swedish stuga). Doublet of stufa.


stove (plural stoves)

  1. A heater, a closed apparatus to burn fuel for the warming of a room.
    • 1913, Joseph C. Lincoln, chapter 8, in Mr. Pratt's Patients:
      We toted in the wood and got the fire going nice and comfortable. Lord James still set in one of the chairs and Applegate had cabbaged the other and was hugging the stove.
  2. A device for heating food, (UK) a cooker.
  3. (chiefly Britain) A hothouse (heated greenhouse).
    • 1850, M. A. Burnett, Plantae utiliores: or illustrations of useful plants, employed in the arts and medicine, part 8:
      There existed only one specimen of this sacred tree in all Mexico, at least to the knowledge of the Mexicans; [] In spite, however, of the firmest convictions of the indivisibility of this tree — the Manitas, as it is commonly called — it has been propagated by cuttings, some of which are at this moment thriving in some of the larger stoves of our modern collectors.
    • 1854, in The Horticultural Review and Botanical Magazine, volume 4, page 208:
      Let but these facts lie contrasted with the treatment they usually receive in the stoves of this country, and the reason why they never grow to any considerable size, attain to any degree of perfection, or flourish to any extent []
  4. (dated) A house or room artificially warmed or heated.
    • (Can we date this quote by Earl of Strafford and provide title, author’s full name, and other details?)
      When most of the waiters were commanded away to their supper, the parlour or stove being nearly emptied, in came a company of musketeers.
    • (Can we date this quote by Burton and provide title, author’s full name, and other details?)
      How tedious is it to them that live in stoves and caves half a year together, as in Iceland, Muscovy, or under the pole!
Derived termsEdit
  • Japanese: ストーブ (sutōbu)


stove (third-person singular simple present stoves, present participle stoving, simple past and past participle stoved)

  1. (transitive) To heat or dry, as in a stove.
    to stove feathers
  2. (transitive) To keep warm, in a house or room, by artificial heat.
    to stove orange trees
    (Can we find and add a quotation of Francis Bacon to this entry?)


Etymology 2Edit



  1. simple past tense and past participle of stave
    • 1851, Herman Melville, Moby-Dick, chapters 7 and 36:
      [A]ye, a stove boat will make me an immortal by brevet.
      "A dead whale or a stove boat!"





  1. (archaic) singular past subjunctive of stuiven
  2. (archaic) singular present subjunctive of stoven

Norwegian NynorskEdit

Alternative formsEdit


From Old Norse stofa (also stoga and stufa)


stove f (definite singular stova, indefinite plural stover, definite plural stovene)

  1. living room
  2. (archaic) small house

Derived termsEdit

Related termsEdit