- (transitive, intransitive, physics) To change state from a solid to a gas without passing through the liquid state. [from 16th c.]
- Synonym: sublime
- (transitive, archaic) To purify or refine a substance through such a change of state.
- (transitive, psychoanalysis) To modify the natural expression of a sexual or primitive instinct in a socially acceptable manner; to divert the energy of such an instinct into some acceptable activity.
- 1969, Susan Sontag, “What’s Happening in America”, in Styles of Radical Will, Kindle edition, Penguin Modern Classics, published 2009, →ISBN, page 194:
- Foreigners extol the American “energy,” attributing to it both our unparalleled economic prosperity and the splendid vivacity of our arts and entertainments. […] Basically it is the energy of violence, of free-floating resentment and anxiety unleashed by chronic cultural dislocations which must be, for the most part, ferociously sublimated. This energy has mainly been sublimated into crude materialism and acquisitiveness.
- (archaic) To raise to a place of honor; to refine and exalt.
- Dr. H. More
- The precepts of Christianity are […] so apt to cleanse and sublimate the more gross and corrupt.
- Dr. H. More
to change from solid to gas
to purify or refine by sublimation
to raise to a place of honor
- The translations below need to be checked and inserted above into the appropriate translation tables, removing any numbers. Numbers do not necessarily match those in definitions. See instructions at Wiktionary:Entry layout#Translations.
sublimate (plural sublimates)