subtend
EnglishEdit
EtymologyEdit
From Latin subtendere, from sub (“under”) + tendere (“to stretch, extend”). See tend.
PronunciationEdit
VerbEdit
subtend (thirdperson singular simple present subtends, present participle subtending, simple past and past participle subtended)
 (transitive, mathematics) To use an angle to delimit (mark off, enclose) part of a straight or curved line, for example an arc or the opposite side of a triangle.
 A 43° angle subtends an arc of about 0.75 meters on a circle with a radius of 1 meter.
 (transitive, also mathematics) To extend or stretch opposite something; to be part of a straight or curved line that is opposite to and delimits an angle.
 A hypotenuse subtends the right angle of a right triangle.
 An arc measuring about 0.75 meters on a circle with a radius of 1 meter subtends an angle of about 43°.
 2012, Me, myself, us,The Economist, 16th August 2012 issue
 ...trillions of bacteria, each equally an individual, which are found in a person’s gut, his mouth, his scalp, his skin and all of the crevices and orifices that subtend from his body’s surface.
 (transitive, mathematics) To form the central angle of a circle underneath an arc
 The points A and B on the circumference form the arc AB, which subtends the central angle θ.
TranslationsEdit
to use an angle to delimit part of a straight or curved line

to extend or stretch opposite something, often to delimit an angle
