syncope

See also: syncopé

EnglishEdit

 
English Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia

Alternative formsEdit

EtymologyEdit

Late Latin syncope, from Ancient Greek συγκοπή (sunkopḗ), from συγκόπτω (sunkóptō, cut up) + (, nominalization suffix), from σύν (sún, beside, with) + κόπτω (kóptō, strike, cut off).

PronunciationEdit

  • IPA(key): /ˈsɪŋ.kə.pi/
  • (file)
  • (file)
  • Hyphenation: syn‧co‧pe

NounEdit

syncope (countable and uncountable, plural syncopes)

  1. (linguistics, phonology, prosody) The loss or elision of a sound, from the interior of a word, especially of a vowel sound with loss of a syllable. For example, the change of cannot to can't, never to ne'er, Latin calidus to caldus, or the pronunciation of the -cester ending in placenames as -ster (for example, Leicester pronounced Leister or Lester, and Worcester pronounced Wooster).
    Antonym: epenthesis
  2. (pathology) A loss of consciousness when someone faints, a swoon.
    • 1973 Patrick O'Brian, HMS Surprise
      the rapidly-whitening face, the miserable fixed smile, meant a syncope within the next few bars.
  3. (music) A missed beat or off-beat stress in music resulting in syncopation.

Usage notesEdit

Usage in the form syncope, with the phonological meaning "contraction of a word by omission of middle sounds or letters" attested from the 1520's. Doublets of said syncope with the form syncopis and sincopin, both from the Old French sincopin (faintness) (itself from Late Latin accusative syncopen), with the pathological meaning "a loss of consciousness accompanied by a weak pulse", attested from the fifteenth century. Said syncopis/sincopin was "relatinized" to the form syncope in English in the sixteenth century, after the linguistic use of that word was already in use. The musical usage first occurs after the 1660's, following the musical usage of syncopation and syncopate.

SynonymsEdit

HypernymsEdit

Derived termsEdit

TranslationsEdit

Further readingEdit


DutchEdit

 
Dutch Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia nl

EtymologyEdit

Borrowed from Ancient Greek συγκοπή (sunkopḗ).

NounEdit

syncope f (plural syncopes, diminutive syncopetje n)

  1. (linguistics, phonology, prosody) The loss or elision of a sound from the interior of a word (for example the change of Dutch veder in veer "feather"); syncope
  2. (pathology) A loss of consciousness when someone faints, a swoon; syncope
  3. (music) A missed beat or off-beat stress in music resulting in syncopation; syncope

FrenchEdit

EtymologyEdit

Borrowed from Ancient Greek συγκοπή (sunkopḗ).

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

syncope f (plural syncopes)

  1. syncope, fainting
  2. (phonetics) syncope
    Antonyms: aphérèse, apocope, procope
  3. (music) syncope

Further readingEdit


PortugueseEdit

NounEdit

syncope f (plural syncopes)

  1. Obsolete spelling of síncope (used in Portugal until September 1911 and in Brazil until the 1940s).