temperate

EnglishEdit

EtymologyEdit

Borrowed from Latin temperatus, past participle of temperare (moderate, forbear, combine properly). See temper. Displaced native Old English ġemetegod.

PronunciationEdit

  • IPA(key): /ˈtɛmpəɹət/
  • (file)
  • Hyphenation: temp‧pe‧rate

AdjectiveEdit

temperate (comparative more temperate, superlative most temperate)

  1. Moderate; not excessive
    temperate heat
    a temperate climate.
  2. Moderate in the indulgence of the natural appetites or passions
    temperate in eating and drinking.
    • August 9, 1768, Benjamin Franklin, To John Alleyne, Esq. On Early Marriages
      Be sober and temperate, and you will be healthy.
    • 1915, G[eorge] A. Birmingham [pseudonym; James Owen Hannay], chapter I, in Gossamer, New York, N.Y.: George H. Doran Company, OCLC 5661828, pages 14–15:
      I am a temperate man and have made it a rule not to drink before luncheon. But I was so much ashamed of my first feeling about Gorman that I thought it well to break my rule. [] I gave my vote for whisky and soda as the more thorough-going drink of the two. A cocktail is seldom more than a mouthful.
  3. Proceeding from temperance.
  4. Living in an environment that is temperate, not extreme.
    temperate fishes

SynonymsEdit

Derived termsEdit

  • (geology) temperate zone, that part of the earth which lies between either tropic and the corresponding polar circle; -- so called because the heat is less than in the torrid zone, and the cold less than in the frigid zones.

Related termsEdit

TranslationsEdit

The translations below need to be checked and inserted above into the appropriate translation tables. See instructions at Wiktionary:Entry layout § Translations.

VerbEdit

temperate (third-person singular simple present temperates, present participle temperating, simple past and past participle temperated)

  1. (obsolete) To render temperate; to moderate
    Synonyms: soften, temper
    • 1613, John Marston, The Insatiate Countess:
      It inflames temperance, and temp'rates wrath.

TranslationsEdit

ReferencesEdit

AnagramsEdit


ItalianEdit

Etymology 1Edit

VerbEdit

temperate

  1. inflection of temperare:
    1. second-person plural present indicative
    2. second-person plural imperative

Etymology 2Edit

ParticipleEdit

temperate f pl

  1. feminine plural of temperato

LatinEdit

VerbEdit

temperāte

  1. second-person plural present active imperative of temperō

ReferencesEdit

  • temperate”, in Charlton T. Lewis and Charles Short (1879) A Latin Dictionary, Oxford: Clarendon Press
  • temperate”, in Charlton T. Lewis (1891) An Elementary Latin Dictionary, New York: Harper & Brothers