trái

VietnameseEdit

PronunciationEdit

  • (Hà Nội) IPA(key): /ṯɕaːj˧ˀ˦/
  • (Huế) IPA(key): /ʈaːj˩ˀ˧/
  • (Hồ Chí Minh City) IPA(key): /ʈaːj˦ˀ˥/

Etymology 1Edit

Proto-Vietic *klaajʔ (left)

AdjectiveEdit

trái (, , )

  1. (often with bên) left (side, direction)
    bên trái
    on the left
    Rẽ (tay) trái. Quẹo (tay) trái.
    Turn left.
  2. reverse (side)
    mặt trái của tấm vải
    the reverse of a piece of cloth
  3. (rare) morally wrong, unreasonable, illogical
    phân rõ phải trái, đúng sai
    to distinguish between right and wrong
SynonymsEdit
  • (left): tả (only in certain contexts)
  • (reverse): sau
  • (morally wrong, unreasonable): trái lẽ, trái lý, trái lí
AntonymsEdit
Derived termsEdit
  • trái lại
  • trái ngược

AdverbEdit

trái ()

  1. inside out
    Lộn trái quần áo để phơi.
    Turn the clothes inside out and hang them out to dry.
SynonymsEdit
  • ngược

PrepositionEdit

trái ()

  1. contrary to, despite
    nắng trái tiết
    unseasonably sunny (literally, "sunny despite the climate")
    trái nghĩa
    antonymous
Derived termsEdit
Related termsEdit
  • đối lập

Etymology 2Edit

From Proto-Mon-Khmer *pləjʔ (fruit), whence also Khmer ផ្លែ (phlae) ("fruit").

NounEdit

(cái) trái (𢁑, 𣛤, 𢁑, 𣡙, 𣡚, 𧀞)

  1. fruit; piece of fruit
    ăn trái (cây)
    to eat fruit
  2. (informal) land mine
    gài trái
    to place land mines
SynonymsEdit

ClassifierEdit

trái (𢁑, 𣛤, 𢁑, 𣡙, 𣡚, 𧀞)

  1. Refers to anything round, such as a piece of fruit.
    trái chôm chôm
    a rambutan
    trái lựu đạn
    a grenade
    trái núi
    a mountain
    trái banh
    a football
    trái cây
    a piece of fruit
    Trái Đất
    the Earth
SynonymsEdit
Derived termsEdit

Etymology 3Edit

NounEdit

trái ()

  1. smallpox
    lên trái
    to come down with smallpox
SynonymsEdit
  • (smallpox): đậu mùa

Etymology 4Edit

RomanizationEdit

trái

  1. Sino-Vietnamese reading of
  2. Sino-Vietnamese reading of

ReferencesEdit

Last modified on 7 April 2014, at 12:56