See also: Trauma

EnglishEdit

 
English Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia

EtymologyEdit

From Ancient Greek τραῦμα (traûma, wound, damage).

PronunciationEdit

  • (UK) IPA(key): /ˈtɹɔː.mə/, /ˈtɹaʊ.mə/
    • (file)
Rhymes: -ɔːmə, -aʊmə

NounEdit

trauma (countable and uncountable, plural traumas or traumata)

  1. Any serious injury to the body, often resulting from violence or an accident.
  2. An emotional wound leading to psychological injury.
    • 2011 December 14, Steven Morris, “Devon woman jailed for 168 days for killing kitten in microwave”, in Guardian[1]:
      Jailing her on Wednesday, magistrate Liz Clyne told Robins: "You have shown little remorse either for the death of the kitten or the trauma to your former friend Sarah Knutton." She was also banned from keeping animals for 10 years.
  3. An event that causes great distress.

Derived termsEdit

DescendantsEdit

  • Japanese: トラウマ

TranslationsEdit

The translations below need to be checked and inserted above into the appropriate translation tables. See instructions at Wiktionary:Entry layout § Translations.

ReferencesEdit

  • trauma at OneLook Dictionary Search
  • trauma in Keywords for Today: A 21st Century Vocabulary, edited by The Keywords Project, Colin MacCabe, Holly Yanacek, 2018.
  • trauma in The Century Dictionary, New York, N.Y.: The Century Co., 1911

AnagramsEdit


CatalanEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Ancient Greek τραῦμα (traûma).

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

trauma m (plural traumes)

  1. trauma

Derived termsEdit

Related termsEdit

Further readingEdit


CzechEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Ancient Greek τραῦμᾰ (traûma, wound) via German Trauma.[1]

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

trauma n

  1. trauma

DeclensionEdit

Related termsEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "trauma" in Jiří Rejzek, Český etymologický slovník, electronic version, Leda, 2007

Further readingEdit

  • trauma in Příruční slovník jazyka českého, 1935–1957
  • trauma in Slovník spisovného jazyka českého, 1960–1971, 1989

DutchEdit

EtymologyEdit

Borrowed internationalism, ultimately from Ancient Greek τραῦμᾰ (traûma, wound). This etymology is incomplete. You can help Wiktionary by elaborating on the origins of this term.

PronunciationEdit

  • IPA(key): /ˈtrɑu̯.maː/
  • (file)
  • Hyphenation: trau‧ma

NounEdit

trauma n (plural trauma's or traumata, diminutive traumaatje n)

  1. trauma

Derived termsEdit

DescendantsEdit


FinnishEdit

EtymologyEdit

< Ancient Greek τραῦμᾰ (traûma, wound).

PronunciationEdit

  • IPA(key): /ˈtrɑu̯mɑ/, [ˈt̪rɑu̯mɑ]
  • Rhymes: -ɑumɑ
  • Syllabification(key): trau‧ma

NounEdit

trauma

  1. trauma

DeclensionEdit

Inflection of trauma (Kotus type 9/kala, no gradation)
nominative trauma traumat
genitive trauman traumojen
partitive traumaa traumoja
illative traumaan traumoihin
singular plural
nominative trauma traumat
accusative nom. trauma traumat
gen. trauman
genitive trauman traumojen
traumainrare
partitive traumaa traumoja
inessive traumassa traumoissa
elative traumasta traumoista
illative traumaan traumoihin
adessive traumalla traumoilla
ablative traumalta traumoilta
allative traumalle traumoille
essive traumana traumoina
translative traumaksi traumoiksi
instructive traumoin
abessive traumatta traumoitta
comitative traumoineen
Possessive forms of trauma (type kala)
possessor singular plural
1st person traumani traumamme
2nd person traumasi traumanne
3rd person traumansa

AnagramsEdit


FrenchEdit

EtymologyEdit

From the Ancient Greek τραῦμᾰ (traûma, wound).

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

trauma m (plural traumas)

  1. (medicine) trauma (a localised injury produced by an external action)
  2. (psychology and psychoanalysis, elliptical use for trauma psychique) psychic trauma
    Synonym: traumatisme psychique

Derived termsEdit

DescendantsEdit

Further readingEdit


GalicianEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Ancient Greek τραῦμα (traûma, wound, damage).

NounEdit

trauma m (plural traumas)

  1. an emotional wound
  2. (medicine) trauma; serious physical injury

Related termsEdit


IndonesianEdit

 
Indonesian Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia id

EtymologyEdit

From Dutch trauma, from Ancient Greek τραῦμα (traûma, wound, damage).

PronunciationEdit

  • IPA(key): [ˈtrau̯ma]
  • Hyphenation: trau‧ma

NounEdit

trauma (first-person possessive traumaku, second-person possessive traumamu, third-person possessive traumanya)

  1. trauma:
    1. an event that causes great distress.
    2. (psychology, psychiatry) an emotional wound leading to psychological injury.
    3. (surgery) any serious injury to the body, often resulting from violence or an accident.
      Synonym: rudapaksa

Related termsEdit

Further readingEdit


InterlinguaEdit

NounEdit

trauma (plural traumas)

  1. trauma

Related termsEdit


ItalianEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Ancient Greek τραῦμα (traûma, wound, damage).

PronunciationEdit

  • IPA(key): /ˈtraw.ma/
  • Rhymes: -awma
  • Hyphenation: tràu‧ma

NounEdit

trauma m (plural traumi)

  1. trauma

AnagramsEdit


Norwegian NynorskEdit

Etymology 1Edit

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

trauma n (definite singular traumaet, indefinite plural trauma, definite plural traumaa)

  1. alternative form of traume

Etymology 2Edit

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

trauma n

  1. definite plural of traume

PolishEdit

 
Polish Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia pl

EtymologyEdit

Borrowed from English trauma, from Ancient Greek τραῦμα (traûma).

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

trauma f

  1. (medicine) trauma (serious injury to the body)
    Synonym: uraz
  2. (psychology) trauma (emotional wound)

DeclensionEdit

Related termsEdit

adjectives
nouns
verb

Further readingEdit

  • trauma in Wielki słownik języka polskiego, Instytut Języka Polskiego PAN
  • trauma in Polish dictionaries at PWN

PortugueseEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Ancient Greek τραῦμα (traûma, wound, damage).

PronunciationEdit

 
  • (Brazil) IPA(key): /ˈtɾaw.mɐ/ [ˈtɾaʊ̯.mɐ]
    • (Southern Brazil) IPA(key): /ˈtɾaw.ma/ [ˈtɾaʊ̯.ma]

  • Rhymes: -awmɐ
  • Hyphenation: trau‧ma

NounEdit

trauma m (plural traumas)

  1. trauma (emotional wound)
  2. trauma (event that causes great distress)
  3. (medicine) trauma (serious injury to the body)
    Synonym: traumatismo

Serbo-CroatianEdit

EtymologyEdit

(This etymology is missing or incomplete. Please add to it, or discuss it at the Etymology scriptorium.)

PronunciationEdit

  • IPA(key): /trǎuma/
  • Hyphenation: tra‧u‧ma

NounEdit

tràuma f (Cyrillic spelling тра̀ума)

  1. trauma

DeclensionEdit


SpanishEdit

 
Spanish Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia es

EtymologyEdit

From Ancient Greek τραῦμα (traûma, wound, damage).

PronunciationEdit

  • IPA(key): /ˈtɾauma/, [ˈt̪ɾau̯.ma]
  • Hyphenation: trau‧ma

NounEdit

trauma m (plural traumas)

  1. (medicine, psychology) trauma
  2. injury; harm
    Synonym: traumatismo

Derived termsEdit

VerbEdit

trauma

  1. inflection of traumar:
    1. third-person singular present indicative
    2. second-person singular imperative

Further readingEdit

AnagramsEdit