traverse

See also: traversé and travërsé

EnglishEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Middle English traversen, from Old French traverser, from Latin trans (across) + versus (turned), perfect passive participle of Latin vertere (to turn).

PronunciationEdit

All parts of speech:

Alternative noun pronunciation:

NounEdit

traverse (plural traverses)

  1. (climbing) A route used in mountaineering, specifically rock climbing, in which the descent occurs by a different route than the ascent.
  2. (surveying) A series of points, with angles and distances measured between, traveled around a subject, usually for use as "control" i.e. angular reference system for later surveying work.
  3. (obsolete) A screen or partition.
  4. Something that thwarts or obstructs.
    He will succeed, as long as there are no unlucky traverses not under his control.
  5. (architecture) A gallery or loft of communication from side to side of a church or other large building.
    (Can we find and add a quotation of Gwilt to this entry?)
  6. (law) A formal denial of some matter of fact alleged by the opposite party in any stage of the pleadings. The technical words introducing a traverse are absque hoc ("without this", i.e. without what follows).
  7. (nautical) The zigzag course or courses made by a ship in passing from one place to another; a compound course.
  8. (geometry) A line lying across a figure or other lines; a transversal.
  9. (military) In trench warfare, a defensive trench built to prevent enfilade.
    • 1994, Stephen R. Wise, Gate of Hell: Campaign for Charleston Harbor, 1863 (page 160)
      At night, when the Federal guns slowed their fire, the men created new traverses and bombproofs.
  10. (obsolete) A traverse board.
    • 1789, Olaudah Equiano, The Interesting Narrative, vol. I, ch. 7:
      The whole care of the vessel rested, therefore, upon me, and I was obliged to direct her by my former experience, not being able to work a traverse.

Related termsEdit

TranslationsEdit

VerbEdit

traverse (third-person singular simple present traverses, present participle traversing, simple past and past participle traversed)

  1. (transitive) To travel across, often under difficult conditions.
    He will have to traverse the mountain to get to the other side.
    • 1737, Pope, Alexander, First Epistle on the Second Book of Horace, lines 396–397; republished in The Complete Poetical Works of Alexander Pope, Boston, New York: Houghton, Mifflin and Company, 1902, page 197:
      What seas you travers'd, and what fields you fought! / Your country's peace how oft, how dearly bought!
  2. (transitive, computing) To visit all parts of; to explore thoroughly.
    to traverse all nodes in a network
  3. To lay in a cross direction; to cross.
  4. (artillery) To rotate a gun around a vertical axis to bear upon a military target.
    to traverse a cannon
  5. (climbing), To climb or descend a steep hill at a wide angle (relative to the slope).
  6. (engineering, skiing) To (make a cutting, an incline) across the gradients of a sloped face at safe rate.
    the road traversed the face of the ridge as the right-of-way climbed the mountain
    The last run, weary, I traversed the descents in no hurry to reach the lodge.
  7. To act against; to thwart or obstruct.
  8. To pass over and view; to survey carefully.
    • 1675, Robert South, Of the odious Sin of Ingratitude (A Sermon preached at Christ-Church, Oxon, October 17, 1675)
      My purpose is to [] traverse the nature, principles, and properties of this detestable vice — ingratitude.
  9. (carpentry) To plane in a direction across the grain of the wood.
    to traverse a board
  10. (law) To deny formally.
    • 1699, John Dryden, Epistle to John Dryden
      And save the expense of long litigious laws, / Where suits are traversed, and so little won / That he who conquers is but last undone.
  11. (intransitive, fencing) To use the motions of opposition or counteraction.

TranslationsEdit

AdverbEdit

traverse (comparative more traverse, superlative most traverse)

  1. athwart; across; crosswise

AdjectiveEdit

traverse (comparative more traverse, superlative most traverse)

  1. Lying across; being in a direction across something else.
    paths cut with traverse trenches
    • 1624, Henry Wotton, The Elements of Architecture
      Oak [] being strong in all positions, may be better trusted in cross and traverse work.
    • 1630, John Hayward, The Life and Raigne of King Edward VI
      the ridges of the fallow field lay trauerse

Derived termsEdit

  • traverse drill

AnagramsEdit


FrenchEdit

PronunciationEdit

Etymology 1Edit

From Vulgar Latin traversa, feminine of traversus.

NounEdit

traverse f (plural traverses)

  1. crossing
  2. (literary) obstacle, hurdle
    • 1640, Pierre Corneille, “Act I, Scene I”, in Horace:
      Qu'on voit naître souvent de pareilles traverses / En des esprits divers des passions diverses / Et qu'à nos yeux Camille agit bien autrement !
      [Indeed,] how one sees the same hurdles engender / Diverse passions in diverse spirits / And how, before our eyes, Camille acts so differently!
  3. (rail transport) sleeper (UK), tie (US)

Etymology 2Edit

Inflected forms.

VerbEdit

traverse

  1. inflection of traverser:
    1. first-person and third-person singular present indicative
    2. first-person and third-person singular present subjunctive
    3. second-person singular imperative

AnagramsEdit

Further readingEdit


ItalianEdit

AdjectiveEdit

traverse

  1. feminine plural of traverso

NounEdit

traverse f

  1. plural of traversa

AnagramsEdit