Hungarian edit

 
vér

Etymology edit

From Proto-Uralic *were. Cognates include Northern Mansi вы̄гыр (wȳgyr), Finnish veri and Estonian veri.[1][2]

Pronunciation edit

  • IPA(key): [ˈveːr]
  • (file)
  • Hyphenation: vér
  • Rhymes: -eːr

Noun edit

vér (usually uncountable, plural vérek)

  1. blood
  2. (figuratively) vigor, vitality, dynamism
    Synonyms: tetterő, életerő, mozgékonyság
  3. blood sacrifice, bloodshed
    Synonyms: véráldozat, vérontás
  4. (figuratively) temperament
    Synonyms: vérmérséklet, temperamentum
  5. (construed with possessive suffix and -ben van) someone’s inclination, propensity, disposition, nature
  6. (figuratively) state of mind, frame of mind, mood
    Synonym: lelkiállapot
  7. (figuratively) sensuality, lust, passion
    Synonyms: testi vágy, szenvedély, érzékiség
  8. (figuratively) clan, family
    Synonyms: nemzetség, család
  9. (figuratively) offspring, descendant, issue, progeny or ancestor
    Synonyms: ivadék, leszármazott, ős
  10. (figuratively) bloodline or strain of descent
  11. (literary, folksy, with a possessive suffix) sibling
    Synonym: testvér
  12. (literary, in the plural, with a possessive suffix) compatriot, countryman, or a person belonging to the same people, social class, or community
    Synonyms: honfitárs, hazánkfia, földi
  13. (humorous) Synonym of bor (wine), especially vörösbor (red wine).

Declension edit

Inflection (stem in -e-, front unrounded harmony)
singular plural
nominative vér vérek
accusative vért véreket
dative vérnek véreknek
instrumental vérrel vérekkel
causal-final vérért vérekért
translative vérré vérekké
terminative vérig vérekig
essive-formal vérként vérekként
essive-modal
inessive vérben vérekben
superessive véren véreken
adessive vérnél véreknél
illative vérbe vérekbe
sublative vérre vérekre
allative vérhez vérekhez
elative vérből vérekből
delative vérről vérekről
ablative vértől vérektől
non-attributive
possessive - singular
véré véreké
non-attributive
possessive - plural
véréi vérekéi
Possessive forms of vér
possessor single possession multiple possessions
1st person sing. vérem véreim
2nd person sing. véred véreid
3rd person sing. vére vérei
1st person plural vérünk véreink
2nd person plural véretek véreitek
3rd person plural vérük véreik

Derived terms edit

Compound words
Expressions

References edit

  1. ^ Entry #1152 in Uralonet, online Uralic etymological database of the Hungarian Research Centre for Linguistics.
  2. ^ vér in Zaicz, Gábor (ed.). Etimológiai szótár: Magyar szavak és toldalékok eredete (‘Dictionary of Etymology: The origin of Hungarian words and affixes’). Budapest: Tinta Könyvkiadó, 2006, →ISBN.  (See also its 2nd edition.)

Further reading edit

  • (blood): vér in Bárczi, Géza and László Országh. A magyar nyelv értelmező szótára (‘The Explanatory Dictionary of the Hungarian Language’, abbr.: ÉrtSz.). Budapest: Akadémiai Kiadó, 1959–1962. Fifth ed., 1992: →ISBN
  • ([dialectal, archaic] ver (to beat)): vér in Bárczi, Géza and László Országh. A magyar nyelv értelmező szótára (‘The Explanatory Dictionary of the Hungarian Language’, abbr.: ÉrtSz.). Budapest: Akadémiai Kiadó, 1959–1962. Fifth ed., 1992: →ISBN

Anagrams edit

Icelandic edit

Etymology edit

From Old Norse vér, from Proto-Germanic *wīz, from Proto-Indo-European *wéy, plural of *éǵh₂.

Pronunciation edit

Pronoun edit

vér

  1. (archaic, formal) First person plural pronoun; we (singular ég, eg).
  2. (archaic, formal) A formal term of self-reference used by a royal person; we.
    Vér teljum þetta mál hið alvarlegasta. Kallið saman ríkisráðið undir eins.
    We deem this matter most grave. Assemble the privy council immediately.

Usage notes edit

This pronoun has mostly fallen out of use in favour of við, but lingers in biblical language in the raw plural sense, and finds occasional use elsewhere. As a majestic self-reference, it was used in royal decrees, and may find modern use e.g. in literature dealing with persons who refer to themselves in such a way.

Declension edit

Icelandic honorific pronouns
plural first person second person
nominative vér þér
accusative oss yður
dative oss yður
genitive vor yðar

Old Norse edit

Alternative forms edit

Etymology edit

From Proto-Germanic *wīz, from Proto-Indo-European *wéy, plural of *éǵh₂. Cognate with Old English ( > English we), Old Frisian ( > West Frisian wy), Old Saxon ( > Low German wi), Old Dutch ( > Dutch wij), Old High German wir ( > German wir), Gothic 𐍅𐌴𐌹𐍃 (weis).

Pronunciation edit

Pronoun edit

vér (Old West Norse)

  1. First person plural pronoun; we (singular ek), (dual vit)

Declension edit


Descendants edit

  • Icelandic: vér, vær
  • Faroese: vær
  • Norwegian Nynorsk: me (< mér < erum vér)

References edit