Varš on Latvian Wikipedia

Wikipedia lv


Apparently from an earlier Proto-Baltic adjective *varyas, referring to some metallic property: maybe its easy melting (Proto-Indo-European *wor-yo-, from *wor- “to boil, to melt”), maybe its flexibility (Proto-Indo-European *wer-yo- from *wer- “to turn, to bend”). Either way, the Baltic terms are quite unique within Indo-European; other branches have non-cognate terms for “copper”, like Latin cuprum (cf. Latvian kapars) or Russian медь ‎(medʹ). Cognates include Lithuanian vãrias, vãris, Old Prussian wargien ([vari̯en]).[1]


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Chemical element
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varš m (1st declension)

  1. copper (metallic reddish-brown chemical element, with atomic number 29)
    vara savienojumicopper compounds
    vara sāļi, sulfāts, oksīdscopper salts, sulphate, oxide
    vara sakausējumicopper alloys
    vara rūda, minerāli — copper ore, minerals
    vara rūpniecībacopper industry
    vara traukicopper cookware
    vara zvans, gongscopper bell, gong
    vara stieplecopper wire
    vara naudacopper money (coins)
    vara sarkans, vara krāsacopper red, copper color
    vara laikmets — the Copper Age




  1. ^ “varš” in Konstantīns Karulis (1992, 2001), Latviešu Etimoloģijas Vārdnīca, in 2 vols, Rīga: AVOTS, ISBN 9984-700-12-7
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