See also: vars, vårs, and vars.



 varš on Latvian Wikipedia


Apparently from an earlier Proto-Baltic adjective *varyas, referring to some metallic property: maybe its easy melting (Proto-Indo-European *wor-yo-, from *wor- “to boil, to melt”), maybe its flexibility (Proto-Indo-European *wer-yo- from *wer- “to turn, to bend”). Either way, the Baltic terms are quite unique within Indo-European; other branches have non-cognate terms for “copper”, like Latin cuprum (cf. Latvian kapars) or Russian медь ‎(medʹ). Cognates include Lithuanian vãrias, vãris, Old Prussian wargien ([vari̯en]).[1]


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Chemical element
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varš m (1st declension)

  1. copper (metallic reddish-brown chemical element, with atomic number 29)
    vara savienojumi‎ ― copper compounds
    vara sāļi, sulfāts, oksīds‎ ― copper salts, sulphate, oxide
    vara sakausējumi‎ ― copper alloys
    vara rūda, minerāli — copper ore, minerals
    vara rūpniecība‎ ― copper industry
    vara trauki‎ ― copper cookware
    vara zvans, gongs‎ ― copper bell, gong
    vara stieple‎ ― copper wire
    vara nauda‎ ― copper money (coins)
    vara sarkans, vara krāsa‎ ― copper red, copper color
    vara laikmets‎ ― the Copper Age




  1. ^ Karulis, Konstantīns (1992), “varš”, in Latviešu Etimoloģijas Vārdnīca (in Latvian), Rīga: AVOTS, ISBN 9984-700-12-7