variety

See also: variëty

EnglishEdit

 
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Alternative formsEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Middle French varieté, from Latin varietās (difference, diversity), from varius (different, various); see various. Displaced native Old English mislīcnes.

PronunciationEdit

  • enPR: və-rīʹĭ-tē, IPA(key): /vəˈɹaɪ.ɪ.ti/
  • (file)
  • Rhymes: -aɪɪti
  • Hyphenation: va‧ri‧e‧ty

NounEdit

variety (countable and uncountable, plural varieties)

  1. The quality of being varied; diversity.
    • 1983, Richard Ellis, The Book of Sharks, Knopf, →ISBN, page 34:
      The teeth of sharks, for all their variety, share one characteristic, and that is the way in which they are attached.
    Variety is the spice of life.
    Antonym: sameness
  2. A specific variation of something.
  3. A number of different things.
    • 1898, Winston Churchill, chapter 4, in The Celebrity:
      One morning I had been driven to the precarious refuge afforded by the steps of the inn, after rejecting offers from the Celebrity to join him in a variety of amusements. But even here I was not free from interruption, for he was seated on a horse-block below me, playing with a fox terrier.
    • 2013 January 1, Katie L. Burke, “Ecological Dependency”, in American Scientist, volume 101, number 1, page 64:
      In his first book since the 2008 essay collection Natural Acts: A Sidelong View of Science and Nature, David Quammen looks at the natural world from yet another angle: the search for the next human pandemic, what epidemiologists call “the next big one.” His quest leads him around the world to study a variety of suspect zoonoses—animal-hosted pathogens that infect humans.
    Synonyms: array, assortment
  4. A state of constant change.
  5. (taxonomy) A rank in a taxonomic classification, below species and subspecies.
  6. (cybernetics) The total number of distinct states of a system.
  7. (cybernetics) Logarithm of the base 2 of the total number of distinct states of a system.
  8. (linguistics) A term used for a specific form of a language, neutral to whether that form is a dialect, accent, register, etc. and to its prestige level.
    • 2014, James Lambert, “Diachronic stability in Indian English lexis”, in World Englishes, page 114:
      The mere existence of a dictionary of a certain variety of English does not automatically confer acceptance of that variety.
  9. (algebra, universal algebra) An equational class; the class of all algebraic structures of a given signature, satisfying a given set of identities.
  10. (algebraic geometry) An algebraic variety.
  11. The kind of theatrical entertainment given in variety shows.
  12. The production of, or performance in, variety shows.

SynonymsEdit

HyponymsEdit

  • (specific variation of something): cultivar

Derived termsEdit

Related termsEdit

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See alsoEdit

Further readingEdit