The copper roof of a water tower in Denmark, green with verdigris.
Doors with verdigris at RuhrCongress Bochum, a conference center in Bochum, Germany.
A Chinese coin with verdigris.


From French vert-de-gris (literally green of Greece).


  • (General American) IPA(key): /ˈvɝ.də.ɡɹis/, /ˈvɝ.də.ɡɹɪs/
  • (file)


verdigris (countable and uncountable, plural verdigrises)

  1. A blue-green patina or rust that forms on copper-containing metals.
    Synonym: aerugo
  2. (chemistry, dated) Copper acetate.
    Synonym: Spanish green
  3. (color) The colour of this patina or material.
    Synonym: Spanish green
    • 1735, [John Barrow], “GREENS”, in Dictionarium Polygraphicum: Or, The Whole Body of Arts Regularly Digested. [...], volume I (A–H), London: [] C[harles] Hitch and C[harles] Davis [], and S[amuel] Austen [], OCLC 987025732:
      Gamboge is one of the firſt yellows, which may be made to produce five or six ſorts of Green with verdegreaſe, according as the gambooge is in the greater or leſſer proportion; if it abounds, it will make a tolerable oak green, and being mixt with a greater quantity of verdegreaſe, it will make a fine graſs Green.

Related termsEdit



verdigris (third-person singular simple present verdigrises, present participle verdigrising, simple past and past participle verdigrised)

  1. To cover, or coat, with verdigris.
    • c. 1857, Nathaniel Hawthorne, English Notebooks[1], published 1870:
      [] there were always some wretched musicians, with an old fiddle, an old clarinet, and an old verdigrised brass bugle []

See alsoEdit

  • 🜨 (alchemical symbol)

Further readingEdit