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See also: Vigil

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EnglishEdit

EtymologyEdit

Middle English vigile (a devotional watching), from Old French vigile, from Latin vigilia (wakefulness, watch), from vigil (awake), from Proto-Indo-European *weǵ- (to be strong).

Related to vigor, and more distantly compare vis and vital, from similar Proto-Indo-European roots and meanings (lively, power, life), via Latin. For use of “live, alive” in sense “watching”, compare qui vive.

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

vigil (plural vigils)

  1. An instance of keeping awake during normal sleeping hours, especially to keep watch or pray.
  2. A period of observation or surveillance at any hour.
    His dog kept vigil outside the hospital for eight days while he was recovering from an accident.
  3. The eve of a religious festival in which staying awake is part of the ritual devotions.
  4. A quiet demonstration in support of a cause.
    The protesters kept vigil outside the conference centre in which the party congress was being held.

SynonymsEdit

Related termsEdit

TranslationsEdit

The translations below need to be checked and inserted above into the appropriate translation tables, removing any numbers. Numbers do not necessarily match those in definitions. See instructions at Wiktionary:Entry layout#Translations.

LatinEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Proto-Indo-European *weǵ- (to be strong), whence vigeō.

PronunciationEdit

AdjectiveEdit

vigil (genitive vigilis); third declension

  1. awake, watching, alert

InflectionEdit

Third declension.

Number Singular Plural
Case / Gender Masc./Fem. Neuter Masc./Fem. Neuter
Nominative vigil vigilēs vigilia
Genitive vigilis vigilium
Dative vigilī vigilibus
Accusative vigilem vigil vigilēs vigilia
Ablative vigilī vigilibus
Vocative vigil vigilēs vigilia

NounEdit

vigil m (genitive vigilis); third declension

  1. watchman, sentinel
  2. (in the plural) the watch, police

InflectionEdit

Third declension.

Case Singular Plural
Nominative vigil vigilēs
Genitive vigilis vigilum
Dative vigilī vigilibus
Accusative vigilem vigilēs
Ablative vigile vigilibus
Vocative vigil vigilēs

Derived termsEdit

DescendantsEdit

ReferencesEdit