See also: Vir, VIR, viř, vír, Vir., -vir-, and вир

Afrikaans edit

Alternative forms edit

  • ver (archaic)
  • vi (Cape Afrikaans)
  • vi' (Cape Afrikaans)

Etymology edit

From Dutch voor (for; before) or rather the dialectal variant veur (compare deur with Dutch door). The Afrikaans distinction between vir (for) and voor (before) may have been influenced by corresponding German für and vor.

Pronunciation edit

  • IPA(key): /fər/, [fɨr]
  • (file)

Preposition edit

vir

  1. for
    Dit is vir jou!It is for you!
  2. Used to indicate the addressee of a communicative act.
    Sy roep vir haar sussie.She is calling to her little sister.
    Amen, sê ek vir julle.Amen, I say to you.
    Die ou man het gesein vir die motorbestuurder.The old man signalled to the car driver.
  3. Direct object marker.
    Die vrou moer vir die inbreker toe met 'n hamer.The woman then whacked the burglar with a hammer.

Derived terms edit

Related terms edit

Baure edit

Noun edit

vir

  1. wind

Czech edit

Alternative forms edit

Etymology edit

Borrowed from modern European languages, English virus, French virus, German Virus, which are all from Latin virus.

Pronunciation edit

Noun edit

vir m inan

  1. virus

Declension edit

Derived terms edit

Related terms edit

Further reading edit

  • vir in Příruční slovník jazyka českého, 1935–1957
  • vir in Slovník spisovného jazyka českého, 1960–1971, 1989
  • vir in Akademický slovník cizích slov, 1995, at prirucka.ujc.cas.cz

Galician edit

Pronunciation edit

Etymology 1 edit

From Old Galician-Portuguese vĩir, from Latin venīre, present active infinitive of veniō.

Verb edit

vir (first-person singular present veño, first-person singular preterite vin, past participle vindo)
vir (first-person singular present venho, first-person singular preterite vim, past participle vindo, reintegrationist norm)

  1. to come
    Antonym: ir
Conjugation edit
Related terms edit

Etymology 2 edit

Inflected form of ver (to see).

Verb edit

vir

  1. first/third-person singular future subjunctive of ver

References edit

  • viir” in Dicionario de Dicionarios do galego medieval, SLI - ILGA 2006–2022.
  • vir” in Dicionario de Dicionarios da lingua galega, SLI - ILGA 2006–2013.
  • vir” in Tesouro informatizado da lingua galega. Santiago: ILG.
  • vir” in Álvarez, Rosario (coord.): Tesouro do léxico patrimonial galego e portugués, Santiago de Compostela: Instituto da Lingua Galega.

Latin edit

Etymology edit

From Proto-Italic *wiros, from Proto-Indo-European *wiHrós. Cognates include Sanskrit वीर (vīrá), Old Prussian wijrs, Lithuanian vyras, Latvian vīrs, Old Irish fer, Old Norse verr, Ossetian ир (ir, Ossetians) and Old English wer (English were-).

Pronunciation edit

Noun edit

vir m (genitive virī); second declension

  1. man in the sense of "adult male human": adult, mature or grown man
  2. brave or courageous man, hero, warrior
  3. husband
  4. (military) foot soldier

Usage notes edit

Vir has the sense of adult male human being. In reference to age or maturity, it is used in opposition to puer (boy); in reference to gender or sex, it is used in opposition to or coordination with fēmina or mulier (woman). In the context of ancient Roman society, vir connoted a man of freeborn status rather than an enslaved man or freedman.[1] "Man" in the sense of "human being" is rendered by Latin homō (e.g., as opposed to bēstia (beast) or deus (god)); in the sense of male, by Latin mās (as opposed to fēmina (female)).

Declension edit

Second-declension noun (nominative singular in -r).

Case Singular Plural
Nominative vir virī
Genitive virī virōrum
Dative virō virīs
Accusative virum virōs
Ablative virō virīs
Vocative vir virī

Hypernyms edit

Derived terms edit

References edit

  1. ^ Hagelin, L. (2020), "Homo inter homines sum. The importance of age for freedmen's construction of masculinity in Late Republican and Early Imperial Rome", page 131

Further reading edit

  • vir”, in Charlton T. Lewis and Charles Short (1879) A Latin Dictionary, Oxford: Clarendon Press
  • vir”, in Charlton T. Lewis (1891) An Elementary Latin Dictionary, New York: Harper & Brothers
  • vir in Gaffiot, Félix (1934) Dictionnaire illustré latin-français, Hachette
  • Carl Meißner; Henry William Auden (1894) Latin Phrase-Book[1], London: Macmillan and Co.
    • Pericles, the greatest man of his day: Pericles summus vir illius aetatis
    • Pericles, the greatest man of his day: Pericles, vir omnium, qui tum fuerunt, clarissimus
    • a man of considerable learning for those times: vir ut temporibus illis doctus
    • a man of ability: vir magno ingenio, ingeniosus
    • a man of ability: vir magno ingenio praeditus
    • a man of learning; a scholar; a savant: vir or homo doctus, litteratus
    • a great scholar: vir doctissimus
    • a man of profound erudition: vir perfecte planeque eruditus
    • a man perfect in all branches of learning: vir omni doctrina eruditus
    • the learned men are most unanimous in..: summa est virorum doctissimorum consensio (opp. dissensio)
    • a man of character, with a strong personality: vir constans, gravis (opp. homo inconstans, levis)
    • a man who has held every office (up to the consulship): vir defunctus honoribus
    • a hero: vir fortissimus
    • (ambiguous) many learned men; many scholars: multi viri docti, or multi et ii docti (not multi docti)
    • (ambiguous) to separate (of the woman): repudium remittere viro (Dig. 24. 3)
    • (ambiguous) statesmen: viri rerum civilium, rei publicae gerendae periti or viri in re publica prudentes
    • (ambiguous) men of rank and dignity: viri clari et honorati (De Sen. 7. 22)

Luxembourgish edit

Pronunciation edit

Adverb edit

vir

  1. ahead, at the front, at the fore

Derived terms edit

Related terms edit

Northern Kurdish edit

Etymology 1 edit

Pronoun edit

vir

  1. here

Etymology 2 edit

Alternative forms edit

Noun edit

vir ?[1]

  1. lie
    vir kirinto lie
    vir kirin nav rûyato lie to one's eyes, lie blatantly
Derived terms edit

References edit

  1. ^ Kurdojev, K. K. (1960), “vir II”, in Kurdsko-russkij slovarʹ [Kurdish–Russian Dictionary], Moscow: Gosudarstvennoje izdatelʹstvo inostrannyx i nacionalʹnyx slovarej, page 781b

Old Swedish edit

Alternative forms edit

Etymology edit

From Old East Norse *wīʀ, (compare Old West Norse vér), from Proto-Germanic *wīz.

Pronoun edit

vīr

  1. we
    vīr ærum brø̄þerwe are brothers

Declension edit

Descendants edit

  • Swedish: vi

Picard edit

Etymology edit

From Old French veoir, veir, from earlier vedeir, from Latin vidēre, present active infinitive of videō.

Verb edit

vir

  1. to see

Piedmontese edit

Noun edit

vir m (plural vir)

  1. turn

Related terms edit

Portuguese edit

Pronunciation edit

 
 

  • (Brazil, non-standard) IPA(key): /vĩ/
  • Homophone: vi (Brazil) (with -r dropping)
  • Hyphenation: vir

Etymology 1 edit

From Old Galician-Portuguese viir, from earlier Old Galician-Portuguese vĩir, from Latin venīre, from Proto-Italic *gʷenjō, from Proto-Indo-European *gʷm̥yéti, from zero-grade of *gʷem- + *-yéti.

Related to Spanish and French venir, Italian venire, Romanian veni.

Verb edit

vir (first-person singular present venho, first-person singular preterite vim, past participle vindo)

  1. (intransitive) to come (to move towards the speaker or the agent)
    Ele veio me cumprimentar.
    He came to greet me.
  2. (intransitive) to come; to arrive (to reach a destination, especially where the speaker is)
    Synonym: chegar
    Venha antes das seis se quiser jantar.
    Come before six if you want to have dinner.
  3. (intransitive) to come (to manifest itself; to occur)
    Os meses vêm e vão.
    The months come and go.
  4. (intransitive) to come (to be located in a certain position in a sequence)
    A palavra coçar vem depois de cocar no dicionário.
    The word coçar comes after cocar in the dictionary.
  5. (transitive with de) to come from; to be from (to have as one’s place of origin)
    Synonym: ser de
    Eles vêm de vários países.
    They come from various countries.
    Estas botas são porcarias e baratas porque vêm da China.
    These boots are crap and cheap because they are from China.
  6. (transitive with de) to be caused by; to be due to
    Meu sofrimento vem das misérias da vida.
    My suffering is due to life’s miseries.
  7. (intransitive, or transitive with de) to come back (from); to return (from)
    Synonyms: volta, retornar, tornar
    Quando que o pai vem das férias?
    When is dad coming back from his vacation?
  8. (auxiliary, with a verb in the gerund) have/has been (forms the present perfect progressive aspect)
    Eu venho comendo pizza todos os dias.
    I have been eating pizza every day.
  9. (auxiliary with a and a verb in the infinitive) to end up (to eventually do)
    Synonym: acabar
    Meu irmão veio a se tornar padre.
    My brother ended up becoming a priest.
  10. (colloquial, intransitive, or transitive with com) to bitch; to whine (to complain, especially unnecessarily)
    Não venha com essa.
    Stop whining.
Conjugation edit
Quotations edit

For quotations using this term, see Citations:vir.

Alternative forms edit
  • vim (nonstandard, proscribed)

Etymology 2 edit

See the etymology of the corresponding lemma form.

Verb edit

vir

  1. first/third-person singular future subjunctive of ver
Quotations edit

For quotations using this term, see Citations:ver.

Serbo-Croatian edit

Etymology edit

Inherited from Proto-Slavic *virъ.

Noun edit

vir m (Cyrillic spelling вир)

  1. whirlpool
  2. (regional) source

Declension edit

Further reading edit

  • vir” in Hrvatski jezični portal

Slovene edit

 
Slovene Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia sl

Etymology edit

From Proto-Slavic *virъ.

Pronunciation edit

Noun edit

vȋr m inan

  1. source (of water; e.g. a spring or well)
  2. source, origin

Inflection edit

 
The diacritics used in this section of the entry are non-tonal. If you are a native tonal speaker, please help by adding the tonal marks.
Masculine inan., hard o-stem
nom. sing. vír
gen. sing. víra
singular dual plural
nominative
(imenovȃlnik)
vír víra víri
genitive
(rodȋlnik)
víra vírov vírov
dative
(dajȃlnik)
víru víroma vírom
accusative
(tožȋlnik)
vír víra víre
locative
(mẹ̑stnik)
víru vírih vírih
instrumental
(orọ̑dnik)
vírom víroma víri

Further reading edit

  • vir”, in Slovarji Inštituta za slovenski jezik Frana Ramovša ZRC SAZU, portal Fran