See also: Vir, VIR, vír, and -vir-

Contents

AfrikaansEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Dutch voor.

PrepositionEdit

vir

  1. for

BaureEdit

NounEdit

vir

  1. wind

CzechEdit

EtymologyEdit

Borrowed from modern European languages, English virus, French virus, German Virus, which are all from Latin virus.

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

vir m

  1. virus

DeclensionEdit

Derived termsEdit

Related termsEdit

External linksEdit

  • vir in Příruční slovník jazyka českého, 1935–1957
  • vir in Slovník spisovného jazyka českého, 1960–1971, 1989

GalicianEdit

Etymology 1Edit

From Old Portuguese vĩir, from Latin venīre, present active infinitive of veniō.

VerbEdit

vir ‎(first-person singular present veño, first-person singular preterite vin, past participle vido)

  1. to come
  2. first-person singular personal infinitive of vir
  3. third-person singular personal infinitive of vir
ConjugationEdit
AntonymsEdit
  • (to come): ir
Related termsEdit

Etymology 2Edit

Inflected form of ver(to see).

VerbEdit

vir

  1. first-person singular future subjunctive of ver
  2. third-person singular future subjunctive of ver

KurdishEdit

PronounEdit

vir

  1. here

LatinEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Proto-Italic *wiros, from Proto-Indo-European *wiHrós. Cognates include Sanskrit वीर(vīrá), Old Prussian wijrs, Lithuanian vyras, Latvian vīrs, Old Irish fer, Old Norse verr, Ossetian ир(ir, Ossetians) and Old English wer (English were-).

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

vir m ‎(genitive virī); second declension

  1. male human, man; man (human)
  2. grown man
  3. brave man, hero
  4. husband
  5. (in military contexts) foot soldier

InflectionEdit

Second declension, nominative singular in -r.

Case Singular Plural
nominative vir virī
genitive virī virōrum
dative virō virīs
accusative virum virōs
ablative virō virīs
vocative vir1 virī

1May also be vire.

SynonymsEdit

HypernymsEdit

Derived termsEdit

Related termsEdit

ReferencesEdit

  • vir in Charlton T. Lewis and Charles Short (1879) A Latin Dictionary, Oxford: Clarendon Press
  • vir in Charlton T. Lewis (1891) An Elementary Latin Dictionary, New York: Harper & Brothers
  • Félix Gaffiot (1934), Dictionnaire Illustré Latin-Français, Paris: Hachette, s.v.vir”.
  • Meissner, Carl; Auden, Henry William (1894) Latin Phrase-Book[1], London: Macmillan and Co.
    • Pericles, the greatest man of his day: Pericles summus vir illius aetatis
    • Pericles, the greatest man of his day: Pericles, vir omnium, qui tum fuerunt, clarissimus
    • a man of considerable learning for those times: vir ut temporibus illis doctus
    • a man of ability: vir magno ingenio, ingeniosus
    • a man of ability: vir magno ingenio praeditus
    • a man of learning; a scholar; a savant: vir or homo doctus, litteratus
    • a great scholar: vir doctissimus
    • a man of profound erudition: vir perfecte planeque eruditus
    • a man perfect in all branches of learning: vir omni doctrina eruditus
    • the learned men are most unanimous in..: summa est virorum doctissimorum consensio (opp. dissensio)
    • a man of character, with a strong personality: vir constans, gravis (opp. homo inconstans, levis)
    • a man who has held every office (up to the consulship): vir defunctus honoribus
    • a hero: vir fortissimus
    • (ambiguous) many learned men; many scholars: multi viri docti, or multi et ii docti (not multi docti)
    • (ambiguous) to separate (of the woman): repudium remittere viro (Dig. 24. 3)
    • (ambiguous) statesmen: viri rerum civilium, rei publicae gerendae periti or viri in re publica prudentes
    • (ambiguous) men of rank and dignity: viri clari et honorati (De Sen. 7. 22)

LojbanEdit

RafsiEdit

vir

  1. rafsi of vidru.

Old SwedishEdit

Alternative formsEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Old Norse vír, variant of vér, from Proto-Germanic *wīz.

PronounEdit

vīr

  1. we

DeclensionEdit

DescendantsEdit

  • Swedish: vi

PicardEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Old French veoir, veir, from earlier vedeir, from Latin vidēre, present active infinitive of videō.

VerbEdit

vir

  1. to see

PortugueseEdit

PronunciationEdit

Etymology 1Edit

From Old Portuguese vĩir, from Latin venīre, present active infinitive of veniō, from Proto-Italic *gʷenjō, from Proto-Indo-European *gʷm̥yéti, from zero-grade of *gʷem- + *-yéti.

Related to Spanish venir, French venir, Italian venire, Romanian veni.

VerbEdit

vir ‎(first-person singular present indicative venho, past participle vindo)

  1. (intransitive) to come (to move towards the speaker or the agent)
    Ele veio me cumprimentar.
    He came greet me.
  2. (intransitive) to come; to arrive (to reach a destination, especially where the speaker is)
    Venha antes das seis se quiser jantar.
    Come before six if want to have dinner.
  3. (intransitive) to come (to manifest itself; to occur)
    Os meses vêm e vão.
    The months come and go.
  4. (transitive with de) to come from; to be from (to have as one’s place of origin)
    Eles vêm de vários países.
    They come from various countries.
    Essa bota é uma porcaria porque vem da China.
    This boot is crap because it is from China.
  5. (transitive with de) to be caused by; to be due to
    Meu sofrimento vem das misérias da vida.
    My suffering is due to life’s miseries.
  6. (intransitive, or transitive with de) to come back (from); to return (from)
    Quando que o pai vem das férias?
    When is dad coming back from his vacations?
  7. (auxiliary, with a verb in the gerund) have/has been (forms the present perfect progressive aspect)
    Eu venho comendo pizza todos os dias.
    I have been eating pizza every day.
  8. (auxiliary with a and a verb in the infinitive) to end up (to eventually do)
    Meu irmão veio a se tornar padre.
    My brother ended up becoming a priest.
  9. (colloquial, intransitive, or transitive with com) to bitch; to whine (to complain, especially unnecessarily)
    Não venha com essa.
    Stop whining.
QuotationsEdit

For usage examples of this term, see Citations:vir.

ConjugationEdit
SynonymsEdit

Etymology 2Edit

From the verb ver(to see).

VerbEdit

vir

  1. first-person singular (eu) future subjunctive of ver
  2. third-person singular (ele and ela, also used with você and others) future subjunctive of ver
QuotationsEdit

For usage examples of this term, see Citations:ver.


Serbo-CroatianEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Proto-Slavic *virъ

NounEdit

vir m ‎(Cyrillic spelling вир)

  1. whirlpool
  2. (regional) source

DeclensionEdit


SloveneEdit

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

vír m inan ‎(genitive víra, nominative plural víri)

  1. source (of water; e.g. a spring or well)
  2. source, origin

DeclensionEdit