See also: Voll, -voll, and voll-

GermanEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Middle High German vol, from Old High German foll, from Proto-Germanic *fullaz, from Proto-Indo-European *pl̥h₁nós. Compare Low German vull, Dutch vol, English full, Danish fuld, Swedish full.

The stem is spelt with v- before -o-, -ö- (as in voll, Völle, Völlerei), but with f- before -ü- (as in füllen, Fülle). In older German both letters were used indiscriminately in the onsets of this and other stems, but the spellings vu-, vü- eventually came to be avoided for legibility. The resulting inconsistency, though lamented by several grammarians, has never been abolished in favour of a consistent spelling with f- (*foll).

PronunciationEdit

  • IPA(key): /fɔl/
  • (file)
  • (file)

AdjectiveEdit

voll (comparative voller, superlative am vollsten)

  1. full; filled
    Synonym: gefüllt
    • F. Hirsch, Siegfried's Tod. In: Mittheilungen des Nordböhmischen Excursions-Clubs. Redigirt von Prof. A. Paudler. Sechster Jahrgang, Böhm.-Leipa, 1883, p. 292:
      [...] Mich faßt Erstaunen an, | Daß zwar so reiche, auserles'ne Speisen, | Doch für den durstgequälten Jägersmann | Nicht auch des Weines volle Beche kreisen!
    • 1824, Ewald, Die Schlacht am Kapellenberge bei Lauban. Erzählung aus den Zeiten der Hussitenkriege, Leipzig, p. 201:
      Sein ist die Braut im Hoheitsaale, | Sein des Weines volle Pokale, | Golden und silbernes Gut!
    • 1844, Blüthen aus Salem. Ein katholisches Gebeth- und Erbauungsbuch in Prosa und Poesie herausgegeben aus Eigenem und Fremden durch Ludwig Diernacher, Passau und Prag, p. 302:
      Ja! so Herr! mag des Kummers volle Schale über mich ausgegossen werden [...]
  2. (colloquial) full (not hungry anymore)
    Synonym: satt
  3. (colloquial) drunk
    Synonyms: betrunken, breit

Usage notesEdit

  • Voll was originally construed with the genitive case, which is now literary and dated: voll Geldes, des Geldes voll (full of money), voll Kummers, des Kummers voll (full of sorrow). Today the noun is predominantly used as an apposition: voll Geld, voll Kummer. In this construction, the adjective may alternatively take the form voller, which in turn is sometimes interpreted as a preposition: voller Geld, voller Kummer. Furthermore, the preposition mit can be used chiefly in the literal sense of a filled container, and von can be used chiefly in figurative senses: voll mit Geld, voll von Kummer.

DeclensionEdit

Derived termsEdit

Related termsEdit

AdverbEdit

voll

  1. fully
  2. (colloquial, chiefly among the younger) very; quite; really
    Das war voll gut.That was really good.

LuxembourgishEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Old High German foll, from Proto-Germanic *fullaz, whence also Old English full, Old Norse fullr.

PronunciationEdit

AdjectiveEdit

voll (masculine vollen, neuter vollt, comparative méi voll, superlative am vollsten)

  1. full

DeclensionEdit

AntonymsEdit

Related termsEdit


Norwegian BokmålEdit

Etymology 1Edit

From Old Norse vǫllr.

NounEdit

voll m (definite singular vollen, indefinite plural voller, definite plural vollene)

  1. meadow

Etymology 2Edit

From Middle Low German wal, from Latin vallum.

NounEdit

voll m (definite singular vollen, indefinite plural voller, definite plural vollene)

  1. rampart, wall

ReferencesEdit


Norwegian NynorskEdit

PronunciationEdit

Etymology 1Edit

From Old Norse vǫllr. Akin to English wold.

NounEdit

voll m (definite singular vollen, indefinite plural vollar, definite plural vollane)

  1. (agricultural) a meadow, grassy area, grassy plain
    • 1853, Ivar Aasen, "Barne-Minne", translated from Lord Byron, "Childish recollections"
      Som Morgonsoli [] blinkar dimt ut paa dan vaate Voll []
      The orb of day [] dimly twinkles o'er the watery plain []

Etymology 2Edit

From Middle Low German wal, from Latin vallum.

NounEdit

voll m (definite singular vollen, indefinite plural vollar, definite plural vollane)

  1. rampart

ReferencesEdit


Pennsylvania GermanEdit

EtymologyEdit

Compare German voll, Dutch vol, English full, Swedish full.

AdjectiveEdit

voll

  1. full