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DutchEdit

PronunciationEdit

  • IPA(key): /ˈʋaːɣə(n)/
  • Rhymes: -aːɣən
  • (file)

Etymology 1Edit

From Middle Dutch wagen, from Old Dutch wagan, from Proto-Germanic *wagnaz, from Proto-Indo-European *woǵʰnos, from *weǵʰ-.

NounEdit

wagen m (plural wagens, diminutive wagentje n)

  1. wagon, carriage
    Synonyms: kar, wagon
  2. (mainly the diminutive) cart
    Synonym: kar
  3. automobile, car, van
    Synonyms: auto, automobiel, kar
  4. sled, moving platform on wheels or rails a heavy machine etc. is mounted on
  5. (metonymically) A load filling one of the above vehicles
    Synonym: wagenlading
Derived termsEdit
DescendantsEdit

Etymology 2Edit

From Middle Dutch wagen. Cognate with German wagen.

This etymology is incomplete. You can help Wiktionary by elaborating on the origins of this term.

VerbEdit

wagen

  1. (intransitive) to venture, take risks
  2. (transitive) to dare, presume
  3. (transitive) to risk, to jeopardize
InflectionEdit
Inflection of wagen (weak)
infinitive wagen
past singular waagde
past participle gewaagd
infinitive wagen
gerund wagen n
present tense past tense
1st person singular waag waagde
2nd person sing. (jij) waagt waagde
2nd person sing. (u) waagt waagde
2nd person sing. (gij) waagt waagde
3rd person singular waagt waagde
plural wagen waagden
subjunctive sing.1 wage waagde
subjunctive plur.1 wagen waagden
imperative sing. waag
imperative plur.1 waagt
participles wagend gewaagd
1) Archaic.
SynonymsEdit
Derived termsEdit

Etymology 3Edit

From Middle Dutch wagen, from Old Dutch *wagon, from Proto-Germanic *wagōną.

VerbEdit

wagen

  1. (transitive) to move
  2. (intransitive) to be moved, literally or figuratively in many senses
InflectionEdit
Inflection of wagen (weak)
infinitive wagen
past singular waagde
past participle gewaagd
infinitive wagen
gerund wagen n
present tense past tense
1st person singular waag waagde
2nd person sing. (jij) waagt waagde
2nd person sing. (u) waagt waagde
2nd person sing. (gij) waagt waagde
3rd person singular waagt waagde
plural wagen waagden
subjunctive sing.1 wage waagde
subjunctive plur.1 wagen waagden
imperative sing. waag
imperative plur.1 waagt
participles wagend gewaagd
1) Archaic.
Derived termsEdit
Related termsEdit

Etymology 4Edit

See the etymology of the main entry.

NounEdit

wagen

  1. Plural form of waag

GermanEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Middle High German wāgen, from Old High German wāga (scales, balance; weight), in the sense of to venture on a new object's weight. More at Waage.

PronunciationEdit

VerbEdit

wagen (third-person singular simple present wagt, past tense wagte, past participle gewagt, auxiliary haben)

  1. to venture, dare
  2. to risk, jeopardize

ConjugationEdit

Further readingEdit


Middle DutchEdit

Etymology 1Edit

From Old Dutch *wagan, from Proto-Germanic *wagnaz.

NounEdit

wāgen m

  1. wagon, cart
InflectionEdit
DescendantsEdit

Etymology 2Edit

From Old Dutch *wagon, from Proto-Germanic *wagōną.

VerbEdit

wāgen

  1. to venture
InflectionEdit
Weak
Infinitive wāgen
3rd sg. past
3rd pl. past
Past participle
Infinitive wāgen
In genitive wāgens
In dative wāgene
Indicative Present Past
1st singular wāge
2nd singular wāechs, wāges
3rd singular wāecht, wāget
1st plural wāgen
2nd plural wāecht, wāget
3rd plural wāgen
Subjunctive Present Past
1st singular wāge
2nd singular wāechs, wāges
3rd singular wāge
1st plural wāgen
2nd plural wāecht, wāget
3rd plural wāgen
Imperative Present
Singular wāech, wāge
Plural wāecht, wāget
Present Past
Participle wāgende
DescendantsEdit

Etymology 3Edit

From wâge +‎ -en.

VerbEdit

wâgen

  1. to weigh, to determine the weight of
InflectionEdit
Weak
Infinitive wâgen
3rd sg. past
3rd pl. past
Past participle
Infinitive wâgen
In genitive wâgens
In dative wâgene
Indicative Present Past
1st singular wâge
2nd singular wâechs, wâges
3rd singular wâecht, wâget
1st plural wâgen
2nd plural wâecht, wâget
3rd plural wâgen
Subjunctive Present Past
1st singular wâge
2nd singular wâechs, wâges
3rd singular wâge
1st plural wâgen
2nd plural wâecht, wâget
3rd plural wâgen
Imperative Present
Singular wâech, wâge
Plural wâecht, wâget
Present Past
Participle wâgende
DescendantsEdit

Further readingEdit

  • waghen (I)”, in Vroegmiddelnederlands Woordenboek, 2000
  • waghen (II)”, in Vroegmiddelnederlands Woordenboek, 2000
  • waghen (IV)”, in Vroegmiddelnederlands Woordenboek, 2000

Verwijs, E.; Verdam, J. (1885–1929), “wagen (I)”, in Middelniederlandsch Woordenboek, The Hague: Martinus Nijhoff, →ISBN, page I

Verwijs, E.; Verdam, J. (1885–1929), “wagen (II)”, in Middelniederlandsch Woordenboek, The Hague: Martinus Nijhoff, →ISBN, page II

Verwijs, E.; Verdam, J. (1885–1929), “wagen (VI)”, in Middelniederlandsch Woordenboek, The Hague: Martinus Nijhoff, →ISBN, page VI


Middle EnglishEdit

Alternative formsEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Old Northern French wagier; equivalent to wage +‎ -en (verbal suffix). Doublet of wedden.

PronunciationEdit

VerbEdit

wagen

  1. (transitive) To employ, use, or utilise a person.
  2. (transitive) To give an item or a person as security or as a guarantee.
  3. (transitive) To risk, potentially endanger.
  4. (transitive, rare) To promise to avoid.

Usage notesEdit

In the term wagen batayle (probably from the sense "to risk"; i.e. "to risk battle"), the word approaches something similar to the sense of English (to) wage.

ConjugationEdit

DescendantsEdit

ReferencesEdit