GermanEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Middle High German warnen (to watch over, protect), Old High German warnen (to deny, refuse, decline), from Proto-West Germanic *warnōn.

Cognate with Old Norse varna (to refuse), Old Saxon wernian (to decline, withhold), Old English wyrnan, English warn.[1]

PronunciationEdit

  • IPA(key): /ˈvaʁnən/ (standard)
  • IPA(key): /ˈvaːnən/, /ˈvaːnn̩/ (widespread, especially northern and central Germany)
  • (file)

VerbEdit

warnen (weak, third-person singular present warnt, past tense warnte, past participle gewarnt, auxiliary haben)

  1. (transitive, with vor + dative) to warn, to caution, to admonish
    Kritiker warnen vor unabsehbaren Folgen für Gesundheit und Umwelt.
    Critics warn against the unpredictable impact on human health and the environment.

ConjugationEdit

Derived termsEdit

Related termsEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Friedrich Kluge (1883), “warnen”, in John Francis Davis, transl., Etymological Dictionary of the German Language, published 1891

Further readingEdit

  • warnen” in Digitales Wörterbuch der deutschen Sprache
  • warnen” in Uni Leipzig: Wortschatz-Lexikon
  • warnen” in Duden online
  • warnen” in OpenThesaurus.de

Middle EnglishEdit

Alternative formsEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Old English wearnian.

PronunciationEdit

VerbEdit

warnen

  1. to warn; admonish

ConjugationEdit

DescendantsEdit

  • English: warn