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See also: YN, yN, -yn, yn-, and ŷn

Contents

ManxEdit

Alternative formsEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Old Irish in (compare Scottish Gaelic and Irish an).

ArticleEdit

yn

  1. the

Related termsEdit

ReferencesEdit


Middle EnglishEdit

Etymology 1Edit

From Old English inn.

NounEdit

yn

  1. Alternative form of in (inn)

Etymology 2Edit

From Old English in.

PrepositionEdit

yn

  1. Alternative form of in (in)

Etymology 3Edit

From Old English inne.

AdverbEdit

yn

  1. Alternative form of in (in)

Middle WelshEdit

PronunciationEdit

Etymology 1Edit

ParticleEdit

yn

  1. grammatical particle used in conjunction with bot (to be) to mark adjectival, nominal, or verbal complements
  2. grammatical particle used to change an adjective into an adverb

Etymology 2Edit

From Proto-Brythonic *ɨn, from Proto-Celtic *eni.

PrepositionEdit

yn

  1. in

Etymology 3Edit

Alternative formsEdit

DeterminerEdit

yn

  1. our
DescendantsEdit

WelshEdit

PronunciationEdit

Etymology 1Edit

Alternative formsEdit

  • ’n (used after a vowel)

ParticleEdit

yn

  1. grammatical particle used in conjunction with bod (to be) to mark adjectival, nominal, or verbal complements
    Mae Tom yn darllen.
    Tom is reading.
    Mae Tom yn gysglyd.
    Tom is sleepy.
    Mae Tom yn fachgen.
    Tom is a boy.
  2. grammatical particle used to change an adjective into an adverb
    yn ddawell
    yn fawrgreatly
    yn wirtruly
Usage notesEdit

This particle causes the soft mutation (lenition) in all consonant sounds except for /r̥/ (spelt <rh>) and /ɬ/ (<ll>) in nouns and adjectives following it, but not in verbs. Thus in the above examples, cysglyd (an adjective meaning "sleepy") and bachgen (a noun meaning "boy") have been mutated to gysglyd and fachgen, but darllen (a verb meaning "to read") has not been mutated.

Etymology 2Edit

From Proto-Brythonic *ɨn, from Proto-Celtic *eni.

PrepositionEdit

yn

  1. in (definite nouns)
    Mae hi'n byw yng Nghaerdydd.
    She lives in Cardiff.
    Ydyn ni'n astudio yn y Brifysgol ym Mangor
    We're studying in the University in Bangor.
Usage notesEdit
  • This preposition causes the nasal mutation. Before g and c it becomes yng, before p, b and sometimes m it becomes ym. In some areas the spoken language applies a soft mutation rather than a nasal one to the following word, but in written language the nasal is constant.
  • Yn is used with definite nouns. Its equivalent for indefinite nouns is mewn.
InflectionEdit
Alternative formsEdit
  • ym (used before m, mh)
  • yng (used before ng, ngh)
Related termsEdit

West FrisianEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Old Frisian in, from Proto-Germanic *in, from Proto-Indo-European *en.

PrepositionEdit

yn

  1. in
  2. into

Derived termsEdit

Further readingEdit

  • yn”, in Wurdboek fan de Fryske taal (in Dutch), 2011