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NounEdit

zars m pl

  1. masculine plural of zar

LatvianEdit

 
Koku zari
 
Grābekļa zari
 
Ķemmes zari

EtymologyEdit

From Proto-Baltic *žer-, *žar-, from Proto-Indo-European *ǵʰer- (to beam, to shine, to glitter), apparently from an older meaning “beam, branch” (compare *gʰer- (to have protrusions)) conserved in Latvian. Cognates include Lithuanian dialectal žarà, žãras (branch, stem, trunk), Old Prussian sari ([zari], heat), Old Church Slavonic заря (zarja), зоря (zarja, zorja, dawn, dusk), Russian заря (zarja), зоря (zarjá, zorjá), dialectal also “flower, grass, plant,” Bulgarian зора (zora), заря (zorá, zarjá), Czech zaře, zoře, zora, Polish zorza, archaic zarza.[1]

PronunciationEdit

(file)

NounEdit

zars m (1st declension)

  1. branch, twig, spray (part of a plant that grows from the stem or trunk and usually connects it with the leaves; this part together with its leaves and flowers)
    ozola, bērza, palmas zarsoak, birch, palm branch
    priežu zaripine branches
    zaļš egles zarsgreen spruce branch
    ziedošs ceriņa zarsflowering spray of lilac
    kupls zarsleafy, leaf-covered branch
    kaili zarinaked (i.e., leafless) branches
    aizdedzināt kadiķa zaruto burn a juniper twig
    mest zarus ugunskurāto throw branches in the fire
    putns uzmetas uz zaraa bird alighted on a branch
    lapas birst no koku zariemleaves fall off tree branches
    izzāģēt kokiem sausos zarusto cut a tree's dry branches off
  2. tine, prong, teeth (pointed branching elements in a tool)
    grābekļa, dakšu zarirake, fork tines, prongs
    ķemmes zaricomb teeth
    izlauzt, ielikt grābeklim zaruto break, to set a rake tine
  3. branch (longitudinally branching part of a whole)
    viens Daugavas zarsone branch of the Daugava (river)
    Valdgales stacijā sliežu ceļš sadalās trijos zarosat Valdagle station the train tracks split off in three branches
  4. branch (subgroup, split-off group)
    protestanti dalījās trīs galvenajos zaros: luterāņos, kalvinistos un anglikāņosthe Protestants split into three major branches: Lutherans, Calvinists and Anglicans
  5. branch (part of a family tree)
    straumēnu radniecības koks bija liels, un visos apkārtējos pagastos iespiedās tā zarithe Straumens family tree was big, its branches pushed into all the surrounding parishes

DeclensionEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Karulis, Konstantīns (1992), “zars”, in Latviešu Etimoloģijas Vārdnīca (in Latvian), Rīga: AVOTS, →ISBN