A borrowing from Old Norse hamarr, or from Middle Low German, Middle Dutch hamer (cf. German Hammer, English hammer). First mentioned in 17h-century dictionaries as āmars, it occurred later as āmers under the influence of German Hammer; in the 19th century, however, the spelling āmurs became dominant and entered the standard language.
āmurs m (1st declension)
- hammer (tool with heavy head for pounding)
- koka āmurs — wooden hammer, mallet
- galdnieka, kurpnieka āmurs — carpenter's, cobbler's hammer
- ogļu atskaldāmais āmurs — coal hammer
- gaļas āmurs — meat hammer
- āmura kāts — hammer grip
- iesist naglu ar āmuru — to drive a nail in with a hammer
- a device for hitting with an impact
- pneimatiskais āmurs — pneumatic hammer
- tvaika āmurs — steam hammer
- ^ “āmurs” in Konstantīns Karulis (1992, 2001), Latviešu Etimoloģijas Vārdnīca (Rīga: AVOTS) ISBN: 9984-700-12-7.