Last modified on 17 March 2014, at 20:31

ērkšķis

LatvianEdit

Ērkšķis

Alternative formsEdit

EtymologyEdit

From the same stem as ērce (tick (insect)) (q.v.), with an extra šķ. Cognates include Lithuanian erškė̃tis (thorn).[1]

PronunciationEdit

  • IPA(key): [ɛ̄ːɾkʃt͡ʃis]
  • IPA(key): [êːrkʃt͡ʃis]
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NounEdit

ērkšķis m (2nd declension)

  1. thorn (sharp protective spine on a plant)
    ērkšķi dzeļ pirkstos — the thorns are stinging (my, your, his...) fingers
    nav maizes bez garozas, nav rožu bez ērkšķiem — no bread without crust, no rose without thorns
  2. thorn bush (plant which has thorns)
    taisnā ceļā abi jājēji jau bija nokļuvuši līdz kalniem, kur sākās ērkšķu krūmi — on a straight road both riders had already gotten to the mountains where the thorn bushes began

DeclensionEdit

Derived termsEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ “ērkšķis” in Konstantīns Karulis (1992, 2001), Latviešu Etimoloģijas Vārdnīca, in 2 vols, Rīga: AVOTS, ISBN: 9984-700-12-7