Last modified on 24 November 2014, at 06:23

նապաստակ

ArmenianEdit

Alternative formsEdit

EtymologyEdit

Borrowing from Old Armenian նապաստակ (napastak). Most of the dialectal forms go back to Old Armenian *նապարստակ (*naparstak), in some cases via Middle Armenian լապաստակ (lapastak) and its parallel forms.

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

նապաստակ (napastak)

  1. hare (Lepus)
    նապաստակի ականջnapastaki akanǰ ― chanterelle, Cantharellus cibarius

DeclensionEdit

ReferencesEdit

  • Ṙuben S. Łazaryan (1998), Kendanineri anunneri hayeren-ṙuseren-latineren kargabanakan baṙaran. Girkʿ A. Katʿnasunner. [An Armenian-Russian-Latin Taxonomic Dictionary of Animal Names. Book I. Mammals.], Yerevan: Pyunik, § 146, page 19
  • նապաստակ in Gabriēl Awetikʿean, Xačʿatur Siwrmēlean, Mkrtičʿ Awgerean (1836–37), Nor baṙgirkʿ haykazean lezui [New Dictionary of the Armenian Language], in 2 vols, Venice: S. Lazarus Armenian Academy, volume II, page 405a
  • նապաստակ in Hračʿeay Ačaṙean (1971–79), Hayerēn armatakan baṙaran [Dictionary of Armenian Root Words], in 4 vols (second edition), Yerevan: Yerevan State University, volume III, page 428b
  • լապստակ in Artem Sargsyan et al. (eds.) (2001–2012), in 7 vols, Hayocʿ lezvi barbaṙayin baṙaran [Dialectological Dictionary of the Armenian Language], Yerevan: National Academy of Sciences of Armenia, volume II, page 202b

Old ArmenianEdit

Alternative formsEdit

EtymologyEdit

Ačaṙyan reconstructs the older form of the word as *նապարստակ (*naparstak), from which he explains the Middle Armenian and dialectal forms in լ- (l-) as a dissimilation of ն... ր... (n... r...) to լ... ր... (l... r...). The -ր- (-r-) was lost before a sibilant but survived in dialects thanks to a metathesis. Because լ- (l-) is not old Ačaṙyan rejects the attempts to connect with Latin lepus and leaves the origin open. Olsen remarks that the word has an appearance of an Iranian loan (compare the ending -ակ (-ak)) but the exact source has not been definitely established.

NounEdit

նապաստակ (napastak

  1. hare (Lepus)
    արու նապաստակaru napastak ― buck-hare
    մատակ նապաստակmatak napastak ― doe-hare
    ձագ նապաստակիjag napastaki ― leveret
    հետք նապաստակիhetkʿ napastaki ― form, prick
    գետնափոր նապաստակgetnapʿor napastak ― rabbit, cony
  2. (post-classical, modern, astronomy) Lepus (constellation)

DeclensionEdit

DescendantsEdit

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  • նապաստակ in Mathias Bedrossian (1879), New Dictionary Armenian–English, Venice: S. Lazarus Armenian Academy
  • նապաստակ in Gabriēl Awetikʿean, Xačʿatur Siwrmēlean, Mkrtičʿ Awgerean (1836–37), Nor baṙgirkʿ haykazean lezui [New Dictionary of the Armenian Language], in 2 vols, Venice: S. Lazarus Armenian Academy, volume II, page 405a
  • նապաստակ in Hračʿeay Ačaṙean (1971–79), Hayerēn armatakan baṙaran [Dictionary of Armenian Root Words], in 4 vols (second edition), Yerevan: Yerevan State University, volume III, page 428b
  • Birgit Anette Olsen (1999), The Noun in Biblical Armenian, Berlin, New York: Mouton de Gruyter, ISBN 3-11-016483-3, pages 245–246