Last modified on 21 February 2015, at 18:21

-ակ

ArmenianEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Old Armenian -ակ (-ak).

PronunciationEdit

SuffixEdit

-ակ (-ak)

  1. Forming diminutives.
    գետակgetak ― rivulet
    տնակtnak ― little house
  2. Forming names of things (tools) or people performing some action.
    սուզակsuzak ― diver
    սահնակsahnak ― sled, sleigh

SynonymsEdit


Old ArmenianEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Iranian *-ak, *-āk. Compare Middle Persian -k' (-ag), Persian ـه (-e). The suffix in its agent-noun-forming function is found in the following wholly borrowed terms: դերձակ (derjak), վարձակ (varjak), պատմուճակ (patmučak), նուիրակ (nuirak) and perhaps աւազակ (awazak).

SuffixEdit

-ակ (-ak)

  1. forming diminutives from nominal stems
    աթոռatʿoṙ ― chair
    աթոռակatʿoṙak ― small chair
    նաւnaw ― ship
    նաւակnawak ― boat
  2. forming agent nouns from verbal stems
    գտանեմgtanem ― to find, invent
    գտակgtak ― inventor
    լողամlołam ― to swim
    լողակlołak ― swimmer
  3. forming adjectives
    բոլորակbolorak ― circular
  4. forming nouns from verbs
    էē ― is
    էակēak ― being
  5. forming nouns from adjectives, adverbs and pronouns
    քանիkʿani ― how many?
    քանակkʿanak ― quantity

DeclensionEdit

SynonymsEdit

Derived termsEdit

DescendantsEdit

ReferencesEdit

  • -ակ” in Geworg J̌ahukyan (1998), Hin hayereni verǰacancʿneri cagumə [The Origin of Old Armenian Suffixes]. In Hayocʿ lezvi hamematakan kʿerakanutʿyan harcʿer [Questions of Comparative Grammar of the Armenian Language], Yerevan: Anania Shirakatsi
  • G. S. Asatrjan (Gaṙnik Asatryan) (2013), Parfjanskoje gōsān [Parthian gōsān]. In: Commentationes Iranicae. Sbornik statej k 90-letiju Vladimira Aronoviča Livšica / Pod red. S. R. Toxtasʹjeva i P. B. Lurʹje, Saint Petersburg: Nestor-Istorija, page 103