Last modified on 13 July 2014, at 16:23

-ակ

ArmenianEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Old Armenian -ակ (-ak).

PronunciationEdit

SuffixEdit

-ակ (-ak)

  1. Forming diminutives.
    գետակgetak ― rivulet
    տնակtnak ― little house
  2. Forming names of things (tools) or people performing some action.
    սուզակsuzak ― diver
    սահնակsahnak ― sled, sleigh

SynonymsEdit


Old ArmenianEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Iranian *-ak, which must have had a diminutive value in some regions. Compare Middle Persian -k' (-ag), Persian ـه (-e).

SuffixEdit

-ակ (-ak)

  1. forming diminutives
    աթոռatʿoṙ ― chair
    աթոռակatʿoṙak ― small chair
    նաւnaw ― ship
    նաւակnawak ― boat
  2. forming nouns
    էակēak ― being
    բոլորակbolorak ― circles
    տեսակtesak ― kind, species
    քանակkʿanak ― quantity

DeclensionEdit

SynonymsEdit

Derived termsEdit

DescendantsEdit

ReferencesEdit

  • -ակ” in Geworg J̌ahukyan (1998), Hin hayereni verǰacancʿneri cagumə [The Origin of Old Armenian Suffixes]. In Hayocʿ lezvi hamematakan kʿerakanutʿyan harcʿer [Questions of Comparative Grammar of the Armenian Language], Yerevan: Anania Shirakatsi