Last modified on 14 April 2014, at 21:28

चतुरङ्ग

SanskritEdit

EtymologyEdit

Compound of चतुर् (catur, four) and अङ्ग (aṅga, limb, member).

AdjectiveEdit

चतुरङ्ग (cátur-aṅga)

  1. having 4 limbs (or extremities) (RV. X, 92, 11, ŚBr. XII)
    • RV 10.92.11
      ते हि दयावाप्र्थिवी भूरिरेतसा नराशंसश्चतुरङगोयमो.अदितिः |
      देवस्त्वष्टा दरविणोदा रभुक्षणः पररोदसी मरुतो विष्णुरर्हिरे ||
      te hi dyāvāpṛthivī bhūriretasā narāśaṃsaścaturaṅghoyamo.aditiḥ |
      devastvaṣṭā draviṇodā ṛbhukṣaṇaḥ prarodasī maruto viṣṇurarhire ||
      For these, the Earth and Heaven with their abundant seed, four-bodied Narāśaṁsa, Yama, Aditi,
      God Tvaṣṭar Wealth-bestower, the Ṛbhukṣaṇas, Rodasī, Maruts, Viṣṇu, claim and merit praise.
  2. (with बल (bala, an army)) comprising (4 parts, viz.) elephants, chariots, cavalry, and infantry (MBh. III, 790, R. II, 51, 7)

DeclensionEdit

NounEdit

चतुरङ्ग (cátur-aṅgam

  1. Cucumis utilissimus (?) (L.)
  2. name of a son of रोमपाद (roma-pāda) or लोमपाद (loma-pāda) (Hariv. 1697 f., BhP. IX, 23, 10)
  3. (scil. बल (bala)) = चतुरङ्गबल (cátur-aṅga-bala) (AV., Pariś. ??, MBh. IX, 446)
  4. (chess) a kind of chess (played by 4 parties) (Tithyād.)

DeclensionEdit

DescendantsEdit

ReferencesEdit

  • Sir Monier Monier-Williams, A Sanskrit-English dictionary etymologically and philologically arranged with special reference to cognate Indo-European languages, Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1898, page 0384