Last modified on 9 December 2014, at 02:05

See also:

TranslingualEdit

Han characterEdit

(radical 19 +5, 7 strokes, cangjie input 廿月大尸 (TBKS), composition ⿱⿱)

  1. labor, toil, do manual work

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: not present, would follow page 147, character 7
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 2328
  • Dae Jaweon: page 331, character 14
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 1, page 368, character 1
  • Unihan data for U+52B3

ChineseEdit

simpl.
trad.

PronunciationEdit


Middle Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Character (勞), Pronunciation 1/2

Initial: 來 (37)
Final: 豪
Division: I

Openness: Open
Tone: Level (Ø)

Fanqie: 魯刀切
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/lɑu/ /lɑu/ /lɑu/ /lɑu/ /law/ /lɑu/ /lɑu/
Character (勞), Pronunciation 2/2

Initial: 來 (37)
Final: 豪
Division: I

Openness: Open
Tone: Departing (H)

Fanqie: 郎到切
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/lɑuH/ /lɑuH/ /lɑuH/ /lɑuH/ /lawH/ /lɑuH/ /lɑuH/
Old Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character Modern Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle Chinese Old Chinese English
láo ‹ law › /*[r]ˤaw/ toil

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

  • Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
  • Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
  • Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
  • Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;
  • Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character No. Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
Corresponding
MC rime
Old Chinese Notes
7647 1 /*raːw/

CompoundsEdit


JapaneseEdit

KanjiEdit

(uncommon “Hyōgai” kanji)

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ReadingsEdit