Last modified on 13 October 2014, at 13:44

TranslingualEdit

Stroke order
花-bw.png

EtymologyEdit

Phono-semantic compound (形聲): semantic  + phonetic 

Han characterEdit

(radical 140 +4, 7 strokes, cangjie input 廿人心 (TOP), four-corner 44214, composition)

Derived charactersEdit

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 1020, character 21
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 30734
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1478, character 5
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 5, page 3181, character 7
  • Unihan data for U+82B1

ChineseEdit

simpl. and trad.

PronunciationEdit


Middle Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Character (花), Pronunciation 1/1

Initial: 曉 (32)
Final: 麻
Division: II

Openness: Closed
Tone: Level (Ø)

Fanqie: 呼瓜切
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/hɣua/ /xwa/ /xua/ /hʷɯa/ /hwaɨ/ /xwa/ /xua/
Old Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character Modern Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle Chinese Old Chinese English
huā ‹ xwae › /*qʷʰˤra/ flower (n.)

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

  • Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
  • Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
  • Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
  • Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;
  • Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character No. Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
Corresponding
MC rime
Old Chinese Notes
5326 0 /*hʷraː/ 俗與華通用

NounEdit

(classifier )

  1. (Beginning Chinese) flower; blossom
  2. pattern, design
  3. fireworks
  4. essence, cream
  5. wound
  6. smallpox
  7. courtesan, prostitute

VerbEdit

  1. to spend (money, time, etc.)
  2. (slang) to be horny; to womanize

AdjectiveEdit

  1. florid, flowery
  2. profligate
  3. blurred
  4. false
  5. (slang) randy, lecherous

Proper nounEdit

  1. A surname​. Hua

CompoundsEdit


JapaneseEdit

Japanese Wikipedia has an article on:

Wikipedia ja

KanjiEdit

(grade 1 “Kyōiku” kanji)

  1. flower

ReadingsEdit

CompoundsEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Old Japanese.

PronunciationEdit

Alternative formsEdit

NounEdit

(hiragana はな, romaji hana)

  1. a flower; a blossom
  2. flower arrangement
  3. Japanese playing cards
  4. the best days of one's life
  5. the best thing
  6. essence

Derived termsEdit


KoreanEdit

HanjaEdit

(hwa)
Eumhun:

  • Sound (hangeul):  (revised: hwa, McCune-Reischauer: hwa, Yale: hwa)
  • Name (hangeul):  (revised: kkot, McCune-Reischauer: kkot, Yale: kkoch)
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VietnameseEdit

Han characterEdit

(hoa, huê)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.